RFC 2493







Network Working Group                                K. Tesink, Editor
Request for Comments: 2493                                    Bellcore
Category: Standards Track                                 January 1999


     Textual Conventions for MIB Modules Using Performance History
                      Based on 15 Minute Intervals

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This document defines a set of Textual Conventions for MIB modules
   which make use of performance history data based on 15 minute
   intervals.

1. Table of Contents

   1 Table of Contents .....................................    1
   2 Introduction ..........................................    1
   3 Note on Invalid Data and Proxy ........................    2
   4 Note on xyzTimeElapsed ................................    3
   5 Note on xyzValidIntervals .............................    3
   6 Definitions ...........................................    3
   7 Acknowledgments .......................................    7
   8 References ............................................    7
   9 Security Considerations ...............................    8
   10 IANA Considerations ..................................    8
   11 Author's Address .....................................    8
   12 Intellectual Property ................................    8
   13 Full Copyright Statement .............................    9

2.  Introduction

   In cases where a manager must obtain performance history data about
   the behavior of equipment it manages several strategies can be
   followed in the design of a MIB that represents the managed
   equipment, including:



Tesink, Ed.                 Standards Track                     [Page 1]

RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 0 The agent counts events on a continuous basis and, whenever desired, the manager obtains the value of the event counter and adjusts its understanding of the history of events at the agent. 0 The agent allocates events to 'buckets' where each bucket represents an interval of time. Telecommunications equipment often makes use of the latter strategy. See [3][4][5] for examples. In particular, for this equipment it is common that history data is maintained by the agent in terms of fifteen minute intervals. This memo does not attempt to compare the relative merits of different strategies to obtain history data. Differences may include polling policy, the amount of management traffic between manager and agent, agent simplicity, and 'data currentness' of the data obtained by the manager. MIB designers should consider these aspects when choosing a particular strategy in a MIB design. Instead, this memo provides definitions that can be used in MIB modules that require history data based on fifteen minute intervals. When designing a MIB module, it is often useful to define new types similar to those defined in the SMI [2]. In comparison to a type defined in the SMI, each of these new types has a different name, a similar syntax, but a more precise semantics. These newly defined types are termed textual conventions, and are used for the convenience of humans reading the MIB module. This is done through Textual Conventions as defined in RFC1903[1]. It is the purpose of this document to define the set of textual conventions to be used when performance history based on 15 minute intervals is kept. See for example the Trunk MIB modules [3][4][5]. 3. Note on Invalid Data and Proxy In this document, the word proxy is meant to indicate an application which receives SNMP messages and replies to them on behalf of the devices where the actual implementation resides, e.g., DS3/E3 interfaces. The proxy will have already collected the information about the DS3/E3 interfaces into its local database and may not necessarily forward requests to the actual DS3/E3 interface. It is expected in such an application that there are periods of time where the proxy is not communicating with the DS3/E3 interfaces. In these instances the proxy will not necessarily have up-to-date configuration information and will most likely have missed the collection of some data. Missed data collection may result in some intervals in the interval table being unavailable. Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 4. Note on xyzTimeElapsed While xyzTimeElapsed is defined as having a maximum there may be cases (e.g., an adjustment in the system's time-of-day clock) where the actual value of the current interval would exceed this maximum value. Suppose that an agent which aligns its 15-minute measurement intervals to 15-minute time-of-day ("wall clock") boundaries has a time-of-day clock that systematically gains time, and that a manager periodically corrects the clock by setting it back. It is assumed that the agent's time-of-day clock is reasonably accurate, say within a few seconds per day. Thus, the manager's periodic clock adjustments will normally be small, and if done frequently enough, need not ever exceed 10 seconds. In this case all interval durations will be within the allowed tolerance and none need be marked invalid, _if_ the ANSI procedure of ending measurement intervals at 15-minute time-of-day boundaries is followed [6]. If the time-of-day clock is systematically adjusted in small increments, then always ending measurement intervals at 15-minute time-of-day boundaries will result in the long term in the correct number of intervals with the correct average duration, irrespective of whether the clock is moved ahead or moved back. Thus, if, for some reason, such as an adjustment in the system's time-of-day clock, the current interval exceeds the maximum value, it is considered acceptable that the agent will return the maximum value. 5. Note on xyzValidIntervals The overall constraint on <n> is 1 =< n =< 96. Any additional constraints on n must be defined in the DESCRIPTION clause (e.g., see [5]). 6. Definitions PerfHist-TC-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, Gauge32, mib-2 FROM SNMPv2-SMI TEXTUAL-CONVENTION FROM SNMPv2-TC; perfHistTCMIB MODULE-IDENTITY Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 LAST-UPDATED "9811071100Z" ORGANIZATION "IETF AToMMIB and TrunkMIB WGs" CONTACT-INFO "Kaj Tesink Postal: Bellcore 331 Newman Springs Road Red Bank, NJ 07701 USA Tel: +1 732 758 5254 Fax: +1 732 758 2269 E-mail: kaj@bellcore.com" DESCRIPTION "This MIB Module provides Textual Conventions to be used by systems supporting 15 minute based performance history counts." ::= { mib-2 58 } -- The Textual Conventions defined below are organized -- alphabetically -- Use of these TCs assumes the following: -- 0 The agent supports 15 minute based history -- counters. -- 0 The agent is capable of keeping a history of n -- intervals of 15 minute performance data. The -- value of n is defined by the specific MIB -- module but shall be 0 < n =< 96. -- 0 The agent may optionally support performance -- data aggregating the history intervals. -- 0 The agent will keep separate tables for the -- current interval, the history intervals, and -- the total aggregates. -- 0 The agent will keep the following objects. -- If performance data is kept for multiple instances -- of a measured entity, then -- these objects are applied to each instance of -- the measured entity (e.g., interfaces). -- -- xyzTimeElapsed OBJECT-TYPE -- SYNTAX INTEGER (0..899) -- MAX-ACCESS read-only -- STATUS current -- DESCRIPTION Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 -- "The number of seconds that have elapsed since -- the beginning of the current measurement period. -- If, for some reason, such as an adjustment in the -- system's time-of-day clock, the current interval -- exceeds the maximum value, the agent will return -- the maximum value." -- ::= { xxx } -- xyzValidIntervals OBJECT-TYPE -- SYNTAX INTEGER (0..<n>) -- MAX-ACCESS read-only -- STATUS current -- DESCRIPTION -- "The number of previous near end intervals -- for which data was collected. -- [ The overall constraint on <n> is 1 =< n =< 96; ] -- [ Define any additional constraints on <n> here. ] -- The value will be <n> unless the measurement was -- (re-)started within the last (<n>*15) minutes, in which -- case the value will be the number of complete 15 -- minute intervals for which the agent has at least -- some data. In certain cases (e.g., in the case -- where the agent is a proxy) it is possible that some -- intervals are unavailable. In this case, this -- interval is the maximum interval number for -- which data is available." -- ::= { xxx } -- xyzInvalidIntervals OBJECT-TYPE -- SYNTAX INTEGER (0..<n>) -- MAX-ACCESS read-only -- STATUS current -- DESCRIPTION -- "The number of intervals in the range from -- 0 to xyzValidIntervals for which no -- data is available. This object will typically -- be zero except in cases where the data for some -- intervals are not available (e.g., in proxy -- situations)." -- ::= { xxx } PerfCurrentCount ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A counter associated with a performance measurement in a current 15 minute measurement interval. The value of this counter starts from zero and is Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 increased when associated events occur, until the end of the 15 minute interval. At that time the value of the counter is stored in the first 15 minute history interval, and the CurrentCount is restarted at zero. In the case where the agent has no valid data available for the current interval the corresponding object instance is not available and upon a retrieval request a corresponding error message shall be returned to indicate that this instance does not exist (for example, a noSuchName error for SNMPv1 and a noSuchInstance for SNMPv2 GET operation)." SYNTAX Gauge32 PerfIntervalCount ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A counter associated with a performance measurement in a previous 15 minute measurement interval. In the case where the agent has no valid data available for a particular interval the corresponding object instance is not available and upon a retrieval request a corresponding error message shall be returned to indicate that this instance does not exist (for example, a noSuchName error for SNMPv1 and a noSuchInstance for SNMPv2 GET operation). In a system supporting a history of n intervals with IntervalCount(1) and IntervalCount(n) the most and least recent intervals respectively, the following applies at the end of a 15 minute interval: - discard the value of IntervalCount(n) - the value of IntervalCount(i) becomes that of IntervalCount(i-1) for n >= i > 1 - the value of IntervalCount(1) becomes that of CurrentCount - the TotalCount, if supported, is adjusted." SYNTAX Gauge32 PerfTotalCount ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 DESCRIPTION "A counter associated with a performance measurements aggregating the previous valid 15 minute measurement intervals. (Intervals for which no valid data was available are not counted)" SYNTAX Gauge32 END 7. Acknowledgments This document is a product of the AToMMIB and TrunkMIB Working Groups. 8. References [1] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1903, January 1996. [2] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1902, January 1996. [3] Fowler, D., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the DS1, E1, DS2 and E2 Interface Types", RFC 2495, January 1999. [4] Fowler, D., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the DS3/E3 Interface Type", RFC 2496, January 1999. [5] Tesink, K., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the SONET/SDH Interface Type", Work in Progress. [6] American National Standard for Telecommunications - Digital Hierarchy - Layer 1 In-Service Digital Transmission Performance Monitoring, ANSI T1.231-1997, September 1997. Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 9. Security Considerations This memo defines textual conventions for use in other MIB modules. Security issues for these MIB modules are addressed in the memos defining those modules. 10. IANA Considerations Prior to publication of this memo as an RFC, IANA is requested to make a suitable OBJECT IDENTIFIER assignment. 11. Author's Address Kaj Tesink Bellcore 331 Newman Springs Road P.O. Box 7020 Red Bank, NJ 07701-7020 Phone: (732) 758-5254 EMail: kaj@bellcore.com 12. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it has made any effort to identify any such rights. Information on the IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11. Copies of claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice this standard. Please address the information to the IETF Executive Director. Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 2493 15 Minute Based Performance History TCs January 1999 13. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Tesink, Ed. Standards Track [Page 9]

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