RFC 2272







Network Working Group                                            J. Case
Request for Comments: 2272                           SNMP Research, Inc.
Obsoletes: 2262                                            D. Harrington
Category: Standards Track                        Cabletron Systems, Inc.
                                                              R. Presuhn
                                                      BMC Software, Inc.
                                                               B. Wijnen
                                               IBM T. J. Watson Research
                                                            January 1998


               Message Processing and Dispatching for the
               Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1998).  All Rights Reserved.

IANA Note

   Due to a clerical error in the assignment of the snmpModules in this
   memo, this RFC provides the corrected number assignment for this
   protocol.  This memo obsoletes RFC 2262.

Abstract

   This document describes the Message Processing and Dispatching for
   SNMP messages within the SNMP architecture [RFC2271].  It defines the
   procedures for dispatching potentially multiple versions of SNMP
   messages to the proper SNMP Message Processing Models, and for
   dispatching PDUs to SNMP applications.  This document also describes
   one Message Processing Model - the SNMPv3 Message Processing Model.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ...............................................    2
   2. Overview ...................................................    3
   2.1. The Dispatcher. ..........................................    5
   2.2. Message Processing Subsystem .............................    5
   3. Elements of Message Processing and Dispatching .............    6



Case, et. al.               Standards Track                     [Page 1]

RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 3.1. messageProcessingModel ................................... 6 3.2. pduVersion ............................................... 6 3.3. pduType .................................................. 7 3.4. sendPduHandle ............................................ 7 4. Dispatcher Elements of Procedure ........................... 7 4.1. Sending an SNMP Message to the Network ................... 7 4.1.1. Sending a Request or Notification ...................... 7 4.1.2. Sending a Response to the Network ...................... 9 4.2. Receiving an SNMP Message from the Network ............... 10 4.2.1. Message Dispatching of received SNMP Messages .......... 10 4.2.2. PDU Dispatching for Incoming Messages .................. 11 4.2.2.1. Incoming Requests and Notifications .................. 12 4.2.2.2. Incoming Responses ................................... 13 4.3. Application Registration for Handling PDU types .......... 14 4.4. Application Unregistration for Handling PDU Types ........ 14 5. Definitions ................................................ 15 5.1. Definitions for SNMP Message Processing and Dispatching .. 15 6. The SNMPv3 Message Format .................................. 18 6.1. msgVersion ............................................... 19 6.2. msgID .................................................... 19 6.3. msgMaxSize ............................................... 19 6.4. msgFlags ................................................. 20 6.5. msgSecurityModel ......................................... 22 6.6. msgSecurityParameters .................................... 22 6.7. scopedPduData ............................................ 22 6.8. scopedPDU ................................................ 22 6.8.1. contextEngineID ........................................ 22 6.8.2. contextName ............................................ 23 6.8.3. data ................................................... 23 7. Elements of Procedure for v3MP ............................. 23 7.1. Prepare an Outgoing SNMP Message ......................... 24 7.2. Prepare Data Elements from an Incoming SNMP Message ...... 29 8. Intellectual Property ...................................... 34 9. Acknowledgements ........................................... 35 10. Security Considerations ................................... 36 11. References ................................................ 36 12. Editors' Addresses ........................................ 38 13. Full Copyright Statement .................................. 39 1. Introduction The Architecture for describing Internet Management Frameworks [RFC2271] describes that an SNMP engine is composed of: 1) a Dispatcher 2) a Message Processing Subsystem, 3) a Security Subsystem, and 4) an Access Control Subsystem. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 Applications make use of the services of these subsystems. It is important to understand the SNMP architecture and its terminology to understand where the Message Processing Subsystem and Dispatcher described in this document fit into the architecture and interact with other subsystems within the architecture. The reader is expected to have read and understood the description of the SNMP architecture, defined in [RFC2271]. The Dispatcher in the SNMP engine sends and receives SNMP messages. It also dispatches SNMP PDUs to SNMP applications. When an SNMP message needs to be prepared or when data needs to be extracted from an SNMP message, the Dispatcher delegates these tasks to a message version-specific Message Processing Model within the Message Processing Subsystem. A Message Processing Model is responsibile for processing a SNMP version-specific message and for coordinating the interaction with the Security Subsystem to ensure proper security is applied to the SNMP message being handled. Interactions between the Dispatcher, the Message Processing Subsystem, and applications are modelled using abstract data elements and abstract service interface primitives defined by the SNMP architecture. Similarly, interactions between the Message Processing Subsystem and the Security Subsystem are modelled using abstract data elements and abstract service interface primitives as defined by the SNMP architecture. The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119. 2. Overview The following illustration depicts the Message Processing in relation to SNMP applications, the Security Subsystem and Transport Mappings. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 +-------------------------------------------------------------------+ | SNMP Entity | | | | +---------------------------------------------------------------+ | | | Applications | | | | +-----------+ +--------------+ | | | | | Command | | Notification | | | | | | Generator | | Originator | +-----------+ +--------------+| | | | +-----------+ +--------------+ | Proxy | | Other | | | | +-----------+ +--------------+ | Forwarder | |Application(s)|| | | | | Command | | Notification | +-----------+ +--------------+| | | | | Responder | | Receiver | | | | | +-----------+ +--------------+ | | | +---------------------------------------------------------------+ | | ^ ^ ^ ^ | | | | | | | | v v v v | | +--------+-------+---------------+-----------+ | | ^ | | | +---------------------+ +-----------------+ | | | | Message Processing | | Security | | | Dispatcher v | Subsystem | | Subsystem | | | +------------------+ | +------------+ | | | | | | PDU Dispatcher | | +->| v1MP * |<--->| +-------------+ | | | | | | | +------------+ | | | Other | | | | | | | | +------------+ | | | Security | | | | | | | +->| v2cMP * |<--->| | Model | | | | | Message | | | +------------+ | | +-------------+ | | | | Dispatcher <-------->+ | | | | | | | | | +------------+ | | +-------------+ | | | | | | +->| v3MP * |<--->| | User-based | | | | | Transport | | | +------------+ | | | Security | | | | | Mapping | | | +------------+ | | | Model | | | | | (e.g RFC1906) | | +->| otherMP * |<--->| +-------------+ | | | +------------------+ | +------------+ | | | | | ^ +---------------------+ +-----------------+ | | | | +----------|--------------------------------------------------------+ v +------------------+ | Network | +------------------+ Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 2.1. The Dispatcher. The Dispatcher is a key piece of an SNMP engine. There is only one in an SNMP engine, and its job is to dispatch tasks to the multiple version-specific Message Processing Models, and to dispatch PDUs to various applications. For outgoing messages, an application provides a PDU to be sent, plus the data needed to prepare and send the message, and the application specifies which version-specific Message Processing Model will be used to prepare the message with the desired security processing. Once the message is prepared, the Dispatcher sends the message. For incoming messages, the Dispatcher determines the SNMP version of the incoming message and passes the message to the version-specific Message Processing Model to extract the components of the message and to coordinate the processing of security services for the message. After version-specific processing, the PDU Dispatcher determines which application, if any, should receive the PDU for processing and forwards it accordingly. The Dispatcher, while sending and receiving SNMP messages, collects statistics about SNMP messages and the behavior of the SNMP engine in managed objects to make them accessible to remote SNMP entities. This document defines these managed objects, the MIB module which contains them, and how these managed objects might be used to provide useful management. 2.2. Message Processing Subsystem The SNMP Message Processing Subsystem is the part of an SNMP engine which interacts with the Dispatcher to handle the version-specific SNMP messages. It contains one or more Message Processing Models. This document describes one Message Processing Model, the SNMPv3 Message Processing Model, in Section 6. The SNMPv3 Message Processing Model is defined in a separate section to show that multiple (independent) Message Processing Models can exist at the same time and that such Models can be described in different documents. The SNMPv3 Message Processing Model can be replaced or supplemented with other Message Processing Models in the future. Two Message Processing Models which are expected to be developed in the future are the SNMPv1 message format [RFC1157] and the SNMPv2c message format [RFC1901]. Others may be developed as needed. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 3. Elements of Message Processing and Dispatching See [RFC2271] for the definitions of contextEngineID contextName scopedPDU maxSizeResponseScopedPDU securityModel securityName securityLevel messageProcessingModel For incoming messages, a version-specific message processing module provides these values to the Dispatcher. For outgoing messages, an application provides these values to the Dispatcher. For some version-specific processing, the values may be extracted from received messages; for other versions, the values may be determined by algorithm, or by an implementation-defined mechanism. The mechanism by which the value is determined is irrelevant to the Dispatcher. The following additional or expanded definitions are for use within the Dispatcher. 3.1. messageProcessingModel The value of messageProcessingModel identifies a Message Processing Model. A Message Processing Model describes the version-specific procedures for extracting data from messages, generating messages, calling upon a securityModel to apply its security services to messages, for converting data from a version-specific message format into a generic format usable by the Dispatcher, and for converting data from Dispatcher format into a version-specific message format. 3.2. pduVersion The value of pduVersion represents a specific version of protocol operation and its associated PDU formats, such as SNMPv1 or SNMPv2 [RFC1905]. The values of pduVersion are specific to the version of the PDU contained in a message, and the PDUs processed by applications. The Dispatcher does not use the value of pduVersion directly. An application specifies the pduVersion when it requests the PDU Dispatcher to send a PDU to another SNMP engine. The Dispatcher passes the pduVersion to a Message Processing Model, so it knows how to handle the PDU properly. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 For incoming messages, pduVersion is provided to the Dispatcher by a version-specific Message Processing module. The PDU Dispatcher passes the pduVersion to the application so it knows how to handle the PDU properly. For example, a command responder application needs to know whether to use [RFC1905] elements of procedure and syntax instead of those specified for SNMPv1. 3.3. pduType A value of pduType represents a specific type of protocol operation. The values of pduType are specific to the version of the PDU contained in a message. Applications register to support particular pduTypes for particular contextEngineIDs. For incoming messages, pduType is provided to the Dispatcher by a version-specific Message Processing module. It is subsequently used to dispatch the PDU to the application which registered for the pduType for the contextEngineID of the associated scopedPDU. 3.4. sendPduHandle This handle is generated for coordinating the processing of requests and responses between the SNMP engine and an application. The handle must be unique across all version-specific Message Processing Models, and is of local significance only. 4. Dispatcher Elements of Procedure This section describes the procedures followed by the Dispatcher when generating and processing SNMP messages. 4.1. Sending an SNMP Message to the Network This section describes the procedure followed by an SNMP engine whenever it sends an SNMP message. 4.1.1. Sending a Request or Notification The following procedures are followed by the Dispatcher when an application wants to send an SNMP PDU to another (remote) application, i.e., to initiate a communication by originating a message, such as one containing a request or a trap. 1) The application requests this using the abstract service primitive: Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 statusInformation = -- sendPduHandle if success -- errorIndication if failure sendPdu( IN transportDomain -- transport domain to be used IN transportAddress -- destination network address IN messageProcessingModel -- typically, SNMP version IN securityModel -- Security Model to use IN securityName -- on behalf of this principal IN securityLevel -- Level of Security requested IN contextEngineID -- data from/at this entity IN contextName -- data from/in this context IN pduVersion -- the version of the PDU IN PDU -- SNMP Protocol Data Unit IN expectResponse -- TRUE or FALSE ) 2) If the messageProcessingModel value does not represent a Message Processing Model known to the Dispatcher, then an errorIndication (implementation-dependent) is returned to the calling application. No further processing is performed. 3) The Dispatcher generates a sendPduHandle to coordinate subsequent processing. 4) The Message Dispatcher sends the request to the version-specific Message Processing module identified by messageProcessingModel using the abstract service primitive: statusInformation = - success or error indication prepareOutgoingMessage( IN transportDomain -- as specified by application IN transportAddress -- as specified by application IN messageProcessingModel -- as specified by application IN securityModel -- as specified by application IN securityName -- as specified by application IN securityLevel -- as specified by application IN contextEngineID -- as specified by application IN contextName -- as specified by application IN pduVersion -- the version of the PDU IN PDU -- as specified by application IN expectResponse -- as specified by application IN sendPduHandle -- as determined in step 3. OUT destTransportDomain -- destination transport domain OUT destTransportAddress -- destination transport address OUT outgoingMessage -- the message to send OUT outgoingMessageLength -- the message length ) Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 5) If the statusInformation indicates an error, the errorIndication is returned to the calling application. No further processing is performed. 6) If the statusInformation indicates success, the sendPduHandle is returned to the application, and the outgoingMessage is sent via the transport specified by the transportDomain to the address specified by the transportAddress. Outgoing Message Processing is complete. 4.1.2. Sending a Response to the Network The following procedure is followed when an application wants to return a response back to the originator of an SNMP Request. 1) An application can request this using the abstract service primitive: returnResponsePDU( IN messageProcessingModel -- typically, SNMP version IN securityModel -- Security Model in use IN securityName -- on behalf of this principal IN securityLevel -- same as on incoming request IN contextEngineID -- data from/at this SNMP entity IN contextName -- data from/in this context IN pduVersion -- the version of the PDU IN PDU -- SNMP Protocol Data Unit IN maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- maximum size of Response PDU IN stateReference -- reference to state information -- as presented with the request IN statusInformation -- success or errorIndication ) -- (error counter OID and value -- when errorIndication) 2) The Message Dispatcher sends the request to the appropriate Message Processing Model indicated by the received value of messageProcessingModel using the abstract service primitive: result = -- SUCCESS or errorIndication prepareResponseMessage( IN messageProcessingModel -- specified by application IN securityModel -- specified by application IN securityName -- specified by application IN securityLevel -- specified by application IN contextEngineID -- specified by application IN contextName -- specified by application IN pduVersion -- specified by application Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 IN PDU -- specified by application IN maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- specified by application IN stateReference -- specified by application IN statusInformation -- specified by application OUT destTransportDomain -- destination transport domain OUT destTransportAddress -- destination transport address OUT outgoingMessage -- the message to send OUT outgoingMessageLength -- the message length ) 3) If the result is an errorIndication, the errorIndication is returned to the calling application. No further processing is performed. 4) If the result is success, the outgoingMessage is sent over the transport specified by the transportDomain to the address specified by the transportAddress. Message Processing is complete. 4.2. Receiving an SNMP Message from the Network This section describes the procedure followed by an SNMP engine whenever it receives an SNMP message. Please note, that for the sake of clarity and to prevent the text from being even longer and more complicated, some details were omitted from the steps below. In particular, The elements of procedure do not always explicitly indicate when state information needs to be released. The general rule is that if state information is available when a message is to be "discarded without further processing", then the state information must also be released at that same time. 4.2.1. Message Dispatching of received SNMP Messages 1) The snmpInPkts counter [RFC1907] is incremented. 2) The version of the SNMP message is determined in an implementation-dependent manner. If the packet cannot be sufficiently parsed to determine the version of the SNMP message, then the snmpInASNParseErrs [RFC1907] counter is incremented, and the message is discarded without further processing. If the version is not supported, then the snmpInBadVersions [RFC1907] counter is incremented, and the message is discarded without further processing. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 3) The origin transportDomain and origin transportAddress are determined. 4) The message is passed to the version-specific Message Processing Model which returns the abstract data elements required by the Dispatcher. This is performed using the abstract service primitive: result = -- SUCCESS or errorIndication prepareDataElements( IN transportDomain -- origin as determined in step 3. IN transportAddress -- origin as determined in step 3. IN wholeMsg -- as received from the network IN wholeMsgLength -- as received from the network OUT messageProcessingModel -- typically, SNMP version OUT securityModel -- Security Model to use OUT securityName -- on behalf of this principal OUT securityLevel -- Level of Security requested OUT contextEngineID -- data from/at this entity OUT contextName -- data from/in this context OUT pduVersion -- the version of the PDU OUT PDU -- SNMP Protocol Data Unit OUT pduType -- SNMP PDU type OUT sendPduHandle -- handle for a matched request OUT maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- maximum size of Response PDU OUT statusInformation -- success or errorIndication -- (error counter OID and value -- when errorIndication) OUT stateReference -- reference to state information -- to be used for a possible ) -- Response 5) If the result is a FAILURE errorIndication, the message is discarded without further processing. 6) At this point, the abstract data elements have been prepared and processing continues as described in Section 4.2.2, PDU Dispatching for Incoming Messages. 4.2.2. PDU Dispatching for Incoming Messages The elements of procedure for the dispatching of PDUs depends on the value of sendPduHandle. If the value of sendPduHandle is <none>, then this is a request or notification and the procedures specified in Section 4.2.2.1 apply. If the value of snmpPduHandle is not <none>, then this is a response and the procedures specified in Section 4.2.2.2 apply. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 4.2.2.1. Incoming Requests and Notifications The following procedures are followed for the dispatching of PDUs when the value of sendPduHandle is <none>, indicating this is a request or notification. 1) The combination of contextEngineID and pduType is used to determine which application has registered for this request or notification. 2) If no application has registered for the combination, then a) The snmpUnknownPDUHandlers counter is incremented. b) A Response message is generated using the abstract service primitive: result = -- SUCCESS or FAILURE prepareResponseMessage( IN messageProcessingModel -- as provided by MP module IN securityModel -- as provided by MP module IN securityName -- as provided by MP module IN securityLevel -- as provided by MP module IN contextEngineID -- as provided by MP module IN contextName -- as provided by MP module IN pduVersion -- as provided by MP module IN PDU -- as provided by MP module IN maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- as provided by MP module IN stateReference -- as provided by MP module IN statusInformation -- errorIndication plus -- snmpUnknownPDUHandlers OID -- value pair. OUT transportDomain -- destination transportDomain OUT transportAddress -- destination transportAddress OUT outgoingMessage -- the message to send OUT outgoingMessageLength -- its length ) c) If the result is SUCCESS, then the prepared message is sent to the originator of the request as identified by the transportDomain and transportAddress. d) The incoming message is discarded without further processing. Message Processing for this message is complete. 3) The PDU is dispatched to the application, using the abstract service primitive: Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 processPdu( -- process Request/Notification IN messageProcessingModel -- as provided by MP module IN securityModel -- as provided by MP module IN securityName -- as provided by MP module IN securityLevel -- as provided by MP module IN contextEngineID -- as provided by MP module IN contextName -- as provided by MP module IN pduVersion -- as provided by MP module IN PDU -- as provided by MP module IN maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- as provided by MP module IN stateReference -- as provided by MP module -- needed when sending response ) Message processing for this message is complete. 4.2.2.2. Incoming Responses The following procedures are followed for the dispatching of PDUs when the value of sendPduHandle is not <none>, indicating this is a response. 1) The value of sendPduHandle is used to determine, in an implementation-defined manner, which application is waiting for a response PDU associated with this sendPduHandle. 2) If no waiting application is found, the message is discarded without further processing, and the stateReference is released. The snmpUnknownPDUHandlers counter is incremented. Message Processing is complete for this message. 3) Any cached information, including stateReference, about the message is discarded. 4) The response is dispatched to the application using the abstract service primitive: processResponsePdu( -- process Response PDU IN messageProcessingModel -- provided by the MP module IN securityModel -- provided by the MP module IN securityName -- provided by the MP module IN securityLevel -- provided by the MP module IN contextEngineID -- provided by the MP module IN contextName -- provided by the MP module IN pduVersion -- provided by the MP module IN PDU -- provided by the MP module Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 IN statusInformation -- provided by the MP module IN sendPduHandle -- provided by the MP module ) Message Processing is complete for this message. 4.3. Application Registration for Handling PDU types Applications that want to process certain PDUs must register with the PDU Dispatcher. Applications specify the combination of contextEngineID and pduType(s) for which they want to take responsibility 1) An application registers according to the abstract interface primitive: statusInformation = -- success or errorIndication registerContextEngineID( IN contextEngineID -- take responsibility for this one IN pduType -- the pduType(s) to be registered ) Note: implementations may provide a means of requesting registration for simultaneous multiple contextEngineID values, e.g., all contextEngineID values, and may also provide means for requesting simultaneous registration for multiple values of pduType. 2) The parameters may be checked for validity; if they are not, then an errorIndication (invalidParameter) is returned to the application. 3) Each combination of contextEngineID and pduType can be registered only once. If another application has already registered for the specified combination, then an errorIndication (alreadyRegistered) is returned to the application. 4) Otherwise, the registration is saved so that SNMP PDUs can be dispatched to this application. 4.4. Application Unregistration for Handling PDU Types Applications that no longer want to process certain PDUs must unregister with the PDU Dispatcher. 1) An application unregisters using the abstract service primitive: Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 unregisterContextEngineID( IN contextEngineID -- give up responsibility for this IN pduType -- the pduType(s) to be unregistered ) Note: implementations may provide means for requesting unregistration for simultaneous multiple contextEngineID values, e.g., all contextEngineID values, and may also provide means for requesting simultaneous unregistration for multiple values of pduType. 2) If the contextEngineID and pduType combination has been registered, then the registration is deleted. If no such registration exists, then the request is ignored. 5. Definitions 5.1. Definitions for SNMP Message Processing and Dispatching SNMP-MPD-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, snmpModules, Counter32 FROM SNMPv2-SMI; snmpMPDMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "9711200000Z" -- 20 November 1997 ORGANIZATION "SNMPv3 Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "WG-email: snmpv3@tis.com Subscribe: majordomo@tis.com In message body: subscribe snmpv3 Chair: Russ Mundy Trusted Information Systems postal: 3060 Washington Road Glenwood, MD 21738 USA email: mundy@tis.com phone: +1 301-854-6889 Co-editor: Jeffrey Case SNMP Research, Inc. postal: 3001 Kimberlin Heights Road Knoxville, TN 37920-9716 USA email: case@snmp.com phone: +1 423-573-1434 Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 Co-editor Dave Harrington Cabletron Systems, Inc. postal: Post Office Box 5005 MailStop: Durham 35 Industrial Way Rochester, NH 03867-5005 USA email: dbh@ctron.com phone: +1 603-337-7357 Co-editor: Randy Presuhn BMC Software, Inc. postal: 1190 Saratoga Ave, Suite 190 San Jose, CA 95120 USA email: rpresuhn@bmc.com phone: +1 408-556-0720 Co-editor: Bert Wijnen IBM T. J. Watson Research postal: Schagen 33 3461 GL Linschoten Netherlands email: wijnen@vnet.ibm.com phone: +31 348-432-794 " DESCRIPTION "The MIB for Message Processing and Dispatching" ::= { snmpModules 11 } -- Administrative assignments *************************************** snmpMPDAdmin OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { snmpMPDMIB 1 } snmpMPDMIBObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { snmpMPDMIB 2 } snmpMPDMIBConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { snmpMPDMIB 3 } -- Statistics for SNMP Messages ************************************* snmpMPDStats OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { snmpMPDMIBObjects 1 } snmpUnknownSecurityModels OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received by the SNMP engine which were dropped because they referenced a securityModel that was not known to or supported by the SNMP engine. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 " ::= { snmpMPDStats 1 } snmpInvalidMsgs OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received by the SNMP engine which were dropped because there were invalid or inconsistent components in the SNMP message. " ::= { snmpMPDStats 2 } snmpUnknownPDUHandlers OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received by the SNMP engine which were dropped because the PDU contained in the packet could not be passed to an application responsible for handling the pduType, e.g. no SNMP application had registered for the proper combination of the contextEngineID and the pduType. " ::= { snmpMPDStats 3 } -- Conformance information ****************************************** snmpMPDMIBCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {snmpMPDMIBConformance 1} snmpMPDMIBGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= {snmpMPDMIBConformance 2} -- Compliance statements snmpMPDCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for SNMP entities which implement the SNMP-MPD-MIB. " MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { snmpMPDGroup } ::= { snmpMPDMIBCompliances 1 } snmpMPDGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { snmpUnknownSecurityModels, Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 17]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 snmpInvalidMsgs, snmpUnknownPDUHandlers } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects providing for remote monitoring of the SNMP Message Processing and Dispatching process. " ::= { snmpMPDMIBGroups 1 } END 6. The SNMPv3 Message Format This section defines the SNMPv3 message format and the corresponding SNMP version 3 Message Processing Model (v3MP). SNMPv3MessageSyntax DEFINITIONS IMPLICIT TAGS ::= BEGIN SNMPv3Message ::= SEQUENCE { -- identify the layout of the SNMPv3Message -- this element is in same position as in SNMPv1 -- and SNMPv2c, allowing recognition msgVersion INTEGER { snmpv3 (3) }, -- administrative parameters msgGlobalData HeaderData, -- security model-specific parameters -- format defined by Security Model msgSecurityParameters OCTET STRING, msgData ScopedPduData } HeaderData ::= SEQUENCE { msgID INTEGER (0..2147483647), msgMaxSize INTEGER (484..2147483647), msgFlags OCTET STRING (SIZE(1)), -- .... ...1 authFla -- .... ..1. privFlag -- .... .1.. reportableFlag -- Please observe: -- .... ..00 is OK, means noAuthNoPriv -- .... ..01 is OK, means authNoPriv -- .... ..10 reserved, must NOT be used. -- .... ..11 is OK, means authPriv msgSecurityModel INTEGER (0..2147483647) } Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 18]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 ScopedPduData ::= CHOICE { plaintext ScopedPDU, encryptedPDU OCTET STRING -- encrypted scopedPDU value } ScopedPDU ::= SEQUENCE { contextEngineID OCTET STRING, contextName OCTET STRING, data ANY -- e.g., PDUs as defined in RFC1905 } END 6.1. msgVersion The msgVersion field is set to snmpv3(3) and identifies the message as an SNMP version 3 Message. 6.2. msgID The msgID is used between two SNMP entities to coordinate request messages and responses, and by the v3MP to coordinate the processing of the message by different subsystem models within the architecture. Values for msgID should be generated in a manner that avoids re-use of any outstanding values. Doing so provides protection against some replay attacks. One possible implementation strategy would be to use the low-order bits of snmpEngineBoots [RFC2271] as the high-order portion of the msgID value and a monotonically increasing integer for the low-order portion of msgID. Note that the request-id in a PDU is used by SNMP applications to identify the PDU; the msgID is used by the engine to identify the message which carries a PDU. The engine may need to identify the message even if decrypting of the PDU (and request-id) fails. No assumption should be made that the value of the msgID and the value of the request-id are equivalent. 6.3. msgMaxSize The msgMaxSize field of the message conveys the maximum message size supported by the sender of the message, i.e., the maximum message size that the sender can accept when another SNMP engine sends an SNMP message (be it a response or any other message) to the sender of this message. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 19]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 When an SNMP message is being generated, the msgMaxSize is provided by the SNMP engine which generates the message. At the receiving SNMP engine, the msgMaxSize is used to determine how big the Response to a Request message can be. 6.4. msgFlags The msgFlags field of the message contains several bit fields which control processing of the message. When the reportableFlag is one, a Report PDU must be returned to the sender under those conditions which can cause the generation of Report PDUs. When the reportableFlag is zero, then a Report PDU must not be sent. The reportableFlag must always be zero when the message contains a Report PDU, a response-type PDU (such as a Response PDU), or an unacknowledged notification-type PDU (such as an SNMPv2-trap PDU). The reportableFlag must always be one for a request-type PDU (such as a Get PDU) and an acknowledged notification-type PDU (such as an Inform PDU). If the reportableFlag is set to one for a message containing a Report PDU, a response-type PDU (such as a Response PDU), or an unacknowledged notification-type PDU (such as an SNMPv2-trap PDU), then the receiver of that message must process it as though the reportableFlag had been set to zero. If the reportableFlag is set to zero for a message containing a request-type PDU (such as a Get PDU) or an acknowledged notification- type PDU (such as an Inform PDU), then the receiver of that message must process it as though the reportableFlag had been set to one. Report PDUs are engine-to-engine communications and are processed directly by the SNMPv3 Message Processing Model, and are generally not passed to applications for processing, unlike all other PDU types. Note that the reportableFlag is a secondary aid in determining whether a Report PDU must be sent. It is only used in cases where the PDU portion of a message cannot be decoded, due to, for example, an incorrect ecryption key. If the PDU can be decoded, the PDU type forms the basis for decisions on sending Report PDUs. The authFlag and privFlag portions of the msgFlags field are set by the sender to indicate the securityLevel that was applied to the message before it was sent on the wire. The receiver of the message must apply the same securityLevel when the message is received and the contents are being processed. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 20]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 There are three securityLevels, namely noAuthNoPriv, which is less than authNoPriv, which is in turn less than authPriv. See the SNMP architecture document [RFC2271] for details about the securityLevel. a) authFlag If the authFlag is set to one, then the securityModel used by the SNMP engine which sent the message must identify the securityName on whose behalf the SNMP message was generated and must provide, in a securityModel-specific manner, sufficient data for the receiver of the message to be able to authenticate that identification. In general, this authentication will allow the receiver to determine with reasonable certainty that the message was: - sent on behalf of the principal associated with the securityName, - was not redirected, - was not modified in transit, and - was not replayed. If the authFlag is zero, then the securityModel used by the SNMP engine which sent the message must identify the securityName on whose behalf the SNMP message was generated but it does not need to provide sufficient data for the receiver of the message to authenticate the identification, as there is no need to authenticate the message in this case. b) privFlag If the privFlag is set, then the securityModel used by the SNMP engine which sent the message must also protect the scopedPDU in an SNMP message from disclosure, i.e., must encrypt/decrypt the scopedPDU. If the privFlag is zero, then the securityModel in use does not need to protect the data from disclosure. It is an explicit requirement of the SNMP architecture that if privacy is selected, then authentication is also required. That means that if the privFlag is set, then the authFlag must also be set to one. The combination of the authFlag and the privFlag comprises a Level of Security as follows: authFlag zero, privFlag zero -> securityLevel is noAuthNoPriv Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 21]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 authFlag zero, privFlag one -> invalid combination authFlag one, privFlag zero -> securityLevel is authNoPriv authFlag one, privFlag one -> securityLevel is authPriv 6.5. msgSecurityModel The v3MP supports the concurrent existence of multiple Security Models to provide security services for SNMPv3 messages. The msgSecurityModel field in an SNMPv3 Message identifies which Security Model was used by the sender to generate the message and therefore which securityModel must be used by the receiver to perform security processing for the message. The mapping to the appropriate securityModel implementation within an SNMP engine is accomplished in an implementation-dependent manner. 6.6. msgSecurityParameters The msgSecurityParameters field of the SNMPv3 Message is used for communication between the Security Model modules in the sending and receiving SNMP engines. The data in the msgSecurityParameters field is used exclusively by the Security Model, and the contents and format of the data is defined by the Security Model. This OCTET STRING is not interpreted by the v3MP, but is passed to the local implementation of the Security Model indicated by the msgSecurityModel field in the message. 6.7. scopedPduData The scopedPduData field represents either the plain text scopedPDU if the privFlag in the msgFlags is zero, or it represents an encryptedPDU (encoded as an OCTET STRING) which must be decrypted by the securityModel in use to produce a plaintext scopedPDU. 6.8. scopedPDU The scopedPDU contains information to identify an administratively unique context and a PDU. The object identifiers in the PDU refer to managed objects which are (expected to be) accessible within the specified context. 6.8.1. contextEngineID The contextEngineID in the SNMPv3 message, uniquely identifies, within an administrative domain, an SNMP entity that may realize an instance of a context with a particular contextName. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 22]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 For incoming messages, the contextEngineID is used to determine to which application the scopedPDU will be sent for processing. For outgoing messages, the v3MP sets the contextEngineID to the value provided by the application in the request for a message to be sent. 6.8.2. contextName The contextName field in an SNMPv3 message, in conjunction with the contextEngineID field, identifies the particular context associated with the management information contained in the PDU portion of the message. The contextName is unique within the SNMP entity specified by the contextEngineID, which may realize the managed objects referenced within the PDU. An application which originates a message provides the value for the contextName field and this value may be used during processing by an application at the receiving SNMP Engine. 6.8.3. data The data field of the SNMPv3 Message contains the PDU. Among other things, the PDU contains the PDU type that is used by the v3MP to determine the type of the incoming SNMP message. The v3MP specifies that the PDU must be one of those specified in [RFC1905]. 7. Elements of Procedure for v3MP This section describes the procedures followed by an SNMP engine when generating and processing SNMP messages according to the SNMPv3 Message Processing Model. Please note, that for the sake of clarity and to prevent the text from being even longer and more complicated, some details were omitted from the steps below. a) Some steps specify that when some error conditions are encountered when processing a received message, a message containing a Report PDU is generated and the received message is discarded without further processing. However, a Report-PDU must not be generated unless the reportableFlag is set in the received message. b) The elements of procedure do not always explicitly indicate when state information needs to be released. The general rule is that if state information is available when a message is to be "discarded without further processing", then the state information must also be released at that same time. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 23]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 7.1. Prepare an Outgoing SNMP Message This section describes the procedure followed to prepare an SNMPv3 message from the data elements passed by the Message Dispatcher. 1) The Message Dispatcher may request that an SNMPv3 message containing a GetRequest-PDU, GetNextRequest-PDU, GetBulkRequest- PDU, SetRequest-PDU, InformRequest-PDU, or SNMPv2-Trap-PDU be prepared for sending. a) It makes such a request according to the abstract service primitive: statusInformation = -- success or errorIndication prepareOutgoingMessage( IN transportDomain -- requested transport domain IN transportAddress -- requested destination address IN messageProcessingModel -- typically, SNMP version IN securityModel -- Security Model to use IN securityName -- on behalf of this principal IN securityLevel -- Level of Security requested IN contextEngineID -- data from/at this entity IN contextName -- data from/in this context IN pduVersion -- version of the PDU IN PDU -- SNMP Protocol Data Unit IN expectResponse -- TRUE or FALSE IN sendPduHandle -- the handle for matching -- incoming responses OUT destTransportDomain -- destination transport domain OUT destTransportAddress -- destination transport address OUT outgoingMessage -- the message to send OUT outgoingMessageLength -- the length of the message ) b) A unique msgID is generated. The number used for msgID should not have been used recently, and must not be the same as was used for any outstanding request. * SNMPv3 does not use the values of expectResponse or pduVersion. 2) The Message Dispatcher may request that an SNMPv3 message containing a Response-PDU or Report-PDU be prepared for sending. a) It makes such a request according to the abstract service primitive: Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 24]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 result = -- SUCCESS or FAILURE prepareResponseMessage( IN messageProcessingModel -- typically, SNMP version IN securityModel -- same as on incoming request IN securityName -- same as on incoming request IN securityLevel -- same as on incoming request IN contextEngineID -- data from/at this SNMP entity IN contextName -- data from/in this context IN pduVersion -- version of the PDU IN PDU -- SNMP Protocol Data Unit IN maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- maximum size of Response PDU IN stateReference -- reference to state -- information presented with -- the request IN statusInformation -- success or errorIndication -- error counter OID and value -- when errorIndication OUT transportDomain -- destination transport domain OUT transportAddress -- destination transport address OUT outgoingMessage -- the message to send OUT outgoingMessageLength -- the length of the message ) b) The cached information for the original request is retrieved via the stateReference, including - msgID, - contextEngineID, - contextName, - securityModel, - securityName, - securityLevel, - securityStateReference, - reportableFlag, - transportDomain, and - transportAddress. The SNMPv3 Message Processing Model does not allow cached data to be overridden, except by error indications as detailed in (3) below. 3) If statusInformation contains values for an OID/value combination (potentially also containing a securityLevel value, contextEngineID value, or contextName value), then a) If reportableFlag is zero, then the original message is discarded, and no further processing is done. A result of FAILURE is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 25]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 b) If a PDU is provided, it is the PDU from the original request. If possible, extract the request-id. c) A Report PDU is prepared: 1) the varBindList is set to contain the OID and value from the statusInformation 2) error-status is set to 0 3) error-index is set to 0. 4) request-id is set to the value extracted in step b) Otherwise, request-id is set to 0 d) The errorIndication in statusInformation may be accompanied by a securityLevel value, a contextEngineID value, or a contextName value. 1) If statusInformation contains a value for securityLevel, then securityLevel is set to that value, otherwise it is set to noAuthNoPriv. 2) If statusInformation contains a value for contextEngineID, then contextEngineID is set to that value, otherwise it is set to the value of this entity's snmpEngineID. 3) If statusInformation contains a value for contextName, then contextName is set to that value, otherwise it is set to the default context of "" (zero-length string). e) PDU is set to refer to the new Report-PDU. The old PDU is discarded. f) Processing continues with step 6) below. 4) If contextEngineID is not yet determined, then the contextEngineID is determined, in an implementation-dependent manner, possibly using the transportDomain and transportAddress. 5) If the contextName is not yet determined, the contextName is set to the default context. 6) A scopedPDU is prepared from the contextEngineID, contextName, and PDU. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 26]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 7) msgGlobalData is constructed as follows a) The msgVersion field is set to snmpv3(3). b) msgID is set as determined in step 1 or 2 above. c) msgMaxSize is set to an implementation-dependent value. d) msgFlags are set as follows: - If securityLevel specifies noAuthNoPriv, then authFlag and privFlag are both set to zero. - If securityLevel specifies authNoPriv, then authFlag is set to one and privFlag is set to zero. - If securityLevel specifies authPriv, then authFlag is set to one and privFlag is set to one. - If the PDU is a Response-PDU, Report-PDU or SNMPv2-Trap-PDU, then the reportableFlag is set to zero. - If the PDU is a GetRequest-PDU, GetNextRequest-PDU, GetBulkRequest-PDU, SetRequest-PDU, or InformRequest-PDU then the reportableFlag is set to one. - All other msgFlags bits are set to zero. e) msgSecurityModel is set to the value of securityModel 8) If the PDU is a Response-PDU or Report-PDU, then a) The specified Security Model is called to generate the message according to the primitive: statusInformation = generateResponseMsg( IN messageProcessingModel -- SNMPv3 Message Processing -- Model IN globalData -- msgGlobalData from step 7 IN maxMessageSize -- from msgMaxSize (step 7c) IN securityModel -- as determined in step 7e IN securityEngineID -- the value of snmpEngineID IN securityName -- on behalf of this principal IN securityLevel -- for the outgoing message IN scopedPDU -- as prepared in step 6) IN securityStateReference -- as determined in step 2 OUT securityParameters -- filled in by Security Module Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 27]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 OUT wholeMsg -- complete generated message OUT wholeMsgLength -- length of generated message ) If, upon return from the Security Model, the statusInformation includes an errorIndication, then any cached information about the outstanding request message is discarded, and an errorIndication is returned, so it can be returned to the calling application. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. b) A SUCCESS result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 9) If the PDU is a GetRequest-PDU, GetNextRequest-PDU, GetBulkRequest-PDU, SetRequest-PDU, InformRequest-PDU, or or SNMPv2-Trap-PDU, then a) If the PDU is an SNMPv2-Trap-PDU, then securityEngineID is set to the value of this entity's snmpEngineID. Otherwise, the snmpEngineID of the target entity is determined, in an implementation-dependent manner, possibly using transportDomain and transportAddress. The value of securityEngineID is set to the value of the target entity's snmpEngineID. b) The specified Security Model is called to generate the message according to the primitive: statusInformation = generateRequestMsg( IN messageProcessingModel -- SNMPv3 Message Processing Model IN globalData -- msgGlobalData, from step 7 IN maxMessageSize -- from msgMaxSize in step 7 c) IN securityModel -- as provided by caller IN securityEngineID -- authoritative SNMP entity IN securityName -- as provided by caller IN securityLevel -- as provided by caller IN snmpEngineID -- as determined in step 9 a) IN scopedPDU -- as prepared in step 6 OUT securityParameters -- filled in by Security Module OUT wholeMsg -- complete generated message OUT wholeMsgLength -- length of the generated message ) Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 28]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 If, upon return from the Security Model, the statusInformation includes an errorIndication, then the message is discarded, and the errorIndication is returned, so it can be returned to the calling application, and no further processing is done. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. c) Information about the outgoing message is cached, and a stateReference is created (implementation-specific). Information to be cached includes the values of: - sendPduHandle - msgID - snmpEngineID - securityModel - securityName - securityLevel - contextEngineID - contextName d) A SUCCESS result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 7.2. Prepare Data Elements from an Incoming SNMP Message This section describes the procedure followed to extract data from an SNMPv3 message, and to prepare the data elements required for further processing of the message by the Message Dispatcher. 1) The message is passed in from the Message Dispatcher according to the abstract service primitive: result = -- SUCCESS or errorIndication prepareDataElements( IN transportDomain -- origin transport domain IN transportAddress -- origin transport address IN wholeMsg -- as received from the network IN wholeMsgLength -- as received from the network OUT messageProcessingModel -- typically, SNMP version OUT securityModel -- Security Model to use OUT securityName -- on behalf of this principal OUT securityLevel -- Level of Security requested OUT contextEngineID -- data from/at this entity OUT contextName -- data from/in this context OUT pduVersion -- version of the PDU OUT PDU -- SNMP Protocol Data Unit OUT pduType -- SNMP PDU type OUT sendPduHandle -- handle for matched request OUT maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- maximum size of Response PDU Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 29]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 OUT statusInformation -- success or errorIndication -- error counter OID and value -- when errorIndication OUT stateReference -- reference to state information -- to be used for a possible ) -- Response 2) If the received message is not the serialization (according to the conventions of [RFC1906]) of an SNMPv3Message value, then the snmpInASNParseErrs counter [RFC1907] is incremented, the message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 3) The values for msgVersion, msgID, msgMaxSize, msgFlags, msgSecurityModel, msgSecurityParameters, and msgData are extracted from the message. 4) If the value of the msgSecurityModel component does not match a supported securityModel, then the snmpUnknownSecurityModels counter is incremented, a Report PDU is generated, the message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 5) The securityLevel is determined from the authFlag and the privFlag bits of the msgFlags component as follows: a) If the authFlag is not set and the privFlag is not set, then securityLevel is set to noAuthNoPriv. b) If the authFlag is set and the privFlag is not set, then securityLevel is set to authNoPriv. c) If the authFlag is set and the privFlag is set, then securityLevel is set to authPriv. d) If the authFlag is not set and privFlag is set, then the snmpInvalidMsgs counter is incremented, a Report PDU is generated, the message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 6) The security module implementing the Security Model as specified by the securityModel component is called for authentication and privacy services. This is done according to the abstract service primitive: statusInformation = -- errorIndication or success -- error counter OID and Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 30]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 -- value if error processIncomingMsg( IN messageProcessingModel -- SNMPv3 Message Processing Model IN expectResponse -- TRUE or FALSE IN maxMessageSize -- of the sending SNMP entity IN securityParameters -- for the received message IN securityModel -- for the received message IN securityLevel -- Level of Security IN wholeMsg -- as received on the wire IN wholeMsgLength -- length as received on the wire OUT securityEngineID -- authoritative SNMP entity OUT securityName -- identification of the principal OUT scopedPDU, -- message (plaintext) payload OUT maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- maximum size of Response PDU OUT securityStateReference -- reference to security state ) -- information, needed for -- response If an errorIndication is returned by the security module, then a) If statusInformation contains values for an OID/value pair, then a Report PDU is generated. 1) If the scopedPDU has been returned from ProcessIncomingMsg then determine contextEngineID, contextName, and PDU. 2) Information about the message is cached and a stateReference is created (implementation-specific). Information to be cached includes the values of: msgVersion, msgID, securityLevel, msgFlags, msgMaxSize, securityModel, maxSizeResponseScopedPDU, securityStateReference 3) Request that a Report-PDU be prepared and sent, according to the abstract service primitive: result = -- SUCCESS or FAILURE returnResponsePDU( IN messageProcessingModel -- SNMPv3(3) IN securityModel -- same as on incoming request IN securityName -- from ProcessIncomingMsg IN securityLevel -- same as on incoming request Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 31]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 IN contextEngineID -- from step 6 a) 1) IN contextName -- from step 6 a) 1) IN pduVersion -- SNMPv2-PDU IN PDU -- from step 6 a) 1) IN maxSizeResponseScopedPDU -- from ProcessIncomingMsg IN stateReference -- from step 6 a) 2) IN statusInformation -- from ProcessIncomingMsg OUT transportDomain -- destination's transport -- domain OUT transportAddress -- destination's transport -- address OUT outgoingMessage -- the message to send OUT outgoingMessageLength -- the length of the message ) b) The incoming message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 7) The scopedPDU is parsed to extract the contextEngineID, the contextName and the PDU. If any parse error occurs, then the snmpInASNParseErrs counter [RFC1907] is incremented, the security state information is discarded, the message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 8) The pduVersion is set to an SNMPv2-PDU. 9) The pduType is determined, in an implementation-dependent manner, to be: - a GetRequest-PDU, - a GetNextRequest-PDU, - a GetBulkRequest-PDU, - a SetRequest-PDU, - an InformRequest-PDU, - an SNMPv2-Trap-PDU, - a Response-PDU, or - a Report-PDU. 10) If the pduType is a Response-PDU or Report-PDU, then a) The value of the msgID component is used to find the cached information for a corresponding outstanding Request message. If no such outstanding Request message is found, then the security state information is discarded, the message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 32]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 b) sendPduHandle is retrieved from the cached information. Otherwise, sendPduHandle is set to <none>, an implementation defined value. 11) If the pduType is a Report-PDU, then a) statusInformation is created using the contents of the Report-PDU, in an implementation-dependent manner. This statusInformation will be forwarded to the application associated with the sendPduHandle. b) Any cached information about the outstanding Request message message is discarded. c) The security state information for this incoming message is discarded. d) stateReference is set to <none> e) A SUCCESS result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 12) If the pduType is a Response-PDU, then a) The cached data for the outstanding request, referred to by stateReference, is retrieved, including - snmpEngineID - securityModel - securityName - securityLevel - contextEngineID - contextName b) If the values extracted from the incoming message differ from the cached data, then the security state information is discarded, any cached information about the outstanding Request message is discarded, the incoming message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. c) Otherwise, any cached information about the outstanding Request message is discarded, and stateReference is set to <none>. d) A SUCCESS result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 33]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 13) If the pduType is a GetRequest-PDU, GetNextRequest-PDU, GetBulkRequest-PDU, SetRequest-PDU, or InformRequest-PDU, then a) If the value of securityEngineID is not equal to the value of snmpEngineID, then the security state information is discarded, any cached information about the outstanding Request message is discarded, the incoming message is discarded without further processing, and a FAILURE result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. b) Information about the message is cached and a stateReference is created (implementation-specific). Information to be cached includes the values of: msgVersion, msgID, securityLevel, msgFlags, msgMaxSize, securityModel, maxSizeResponseScopedPDU, securityStateReference c) A SUCCESS result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 14) If the pduType is an SNMPv2-Trap-PDU, then A SUCCESS result is returned. SNMPv3 Message Processing is complete. 8. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it has made any effort to identify any such rights. Information on the IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11. Copies of claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 34]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice this standard. Please address the information to the IETF Executive Director. 9. Acknowledgements This document is the result of the efforts of the SNMPv3 Working Group. Some special thanks are in order to the following SNMPv3 WG members: Dave Battle (SNMP Research, Inc.) Uri Blumenthal (IBM T.J. Watson Research Center) Jeff Case (SNMP Research, Inc.) John Curran (BBN) T. Max Devlin (Hi-TECH Connections) John Flick (Hewlett Packard) David Harrington (Cabletron Systems Inc.) N.C. Hien (IBM T.J. Watson Research Center) Dave Levi (SNMP Research, Inc.) Louis A Mamakos (UUNET Technologies Inc.) Paul Meyer (Secure Computing Corporation) Keith McCloghrie (Cisco Systems) Russ Mundy (Trusted Information Systems, Inc.) Bob Natale (ACE*COMM Corporation) Mike O'Dell (UUNET Technologies Inc.) Dave Perkins (DeskTalk) Peter Polkinghorne (Brunel University) Randy Presuhn (BMC Software, Inc.) David Reid (SNMP Research, Inc.) Shawn Routhier (Epilogue) Juergen Schoenwaelder (TU Braunschweig) Bob Stewart (Cisco Systems) Bert Wijnen (IBM T.J. Watson Research Center) The document is based on recommendations of the IETF Security and Administrative Framework Evolution for SNMP Advisory Team. Members of that Advisory Team were: David Harrington (Cabletron Systems Inc.) Jeff Johnson (Cisco Systems) David Levi (SNMP Research Inc.) John Linn (Openvision) Russ Mundy (Trusted Information Systems) chair Shawn Routhier (Epilogue) Glenn Waters (Nortel) Bert Wijnen (IBM T. J. Watson Research Center) Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 35]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 As recommended by the Advisory Team and the SNMPv3 Working Group Charter, the design incorporates as much as practical from previous RFCs and drafts. As a result, special thanks are due to the authors of previous designs known as SNMPv2u and SNMPv2*: Jeff Case (SNMP Research, Inc.) David Harrington (Cabletron Systems Inc.) David Levi (SNMP Research, Inc.) Keith McCloghrie (Cisco Systems) Brian O'Keefe (Hewlett Packard) Marshall T. Rose (Dover Beach Consulting) Jon Saperia (BGS Systems Inc.) Steve Waldbusser (International Network Services) Glenn W. Waters (Bell-Northern Research Ltd.) 10. Security Considerations The Dispatcher coordinates the processing of messages to provide a level of security for management messages and to direct the SNMP PDUs to the proper SNMP application(s). A Message Processing Model, and in particular the V3MP defined in this document, interacts as part of the Message Processing with Security Models in the Security Subsystem via the abstract service interface primitives defined in [RFC2271] and elaborated above. The level of security actually provided is primarily determined by the specific Security Model implementation(s) and the specific SNMP application implementation(s) incorporated into this framework. Applications have access to data which is not secured. Applications should take reasonable steps to protect the data from disclosure, and when they send data across the network, they should obey the securityLevel and call upon the services of an Access Control Model as they apply access control. The values for the msgID element used in communication between SNMP entities must be chosen to avoid replay attacks. The values do not need to be unpredictable; it is sufficient that they not repeat. 11. References [RFC1901] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2", RFC 1901, January 1996. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 36]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 [RFC1902] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1902, January 1996. [RFC1905] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1905, January 1996 [RFC1906] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Transport Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1906, January 1996 [RFC1907] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Management Information Base for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1907 January 1996. [RFC1908] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Coexistence between Version 1 and Version 2 of the Internet-standard Network Management Framework", RFC 1908, January 1996. [RFC 2028] Hovey, R., and S. Bradner, "The Organizations Involved in the IETF Standards Process", BCP 11, RFC 2028, October 1996. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, BCP 14, March 1997. [RFC2271] Harrington, D., Presuhn, R., and B. Wijnen, "An Architecture for describing SNMP Management Frameworks", RFC 2271, January 1998. [RFC2274] Blumenthal, U., and B. Wijnen, "The User-Based Security Model for Version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)", RFC 2274, January 1998. [RFC2275] Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R., and K. McCloghrie, "View-based Access Control Model for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2275, January 1998. [RFC2273] Levi, D., Meyer, P., and B. Stewart, "SNMPv3 Applications", RFC 2273, January 1998. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 37]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 12. Editors' Addresses Jeffrey Case SNMP Research, Inc. 3001 Kimberlin Heights Road Knoxville, TN 37920-9716 USA Phone: +1 423-573-1434 EMail: case@snmp.com Dave Harrington Cabletron Systems, Inc Post Office Box 5005 Mail Stop: Durham 35 Industrial Way Rochester, NH 03867-5005 USA Phone: +1 603-337-7357 EMail: dbh@ctron.com Randy Presuhn BMC Software, Inc. 1190 Saratoga Avenue Suite 130 San Jose, CA 95129 USA Phone: +1 408-556-0720 EMail: rpresuhn@bmc.com Bert Wijnen IBM T. J. Watson Research Schagen 33 3461 GL Linschoten Netherlands Phone: +31 348-432-794 EMail: wijnen@vnet.ibm.com Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 38]
RFC 2272 SNMPv3 Management Protocol January 1998 13. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1998). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Case, et. al. Standards Track [Page 39]

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