RFC 2177







Network Working Group                                           B. Leiba
Request for Comments: 2177               IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Category: Standards Track                                      June 1997


                           IMAP4 IDLE command

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

1.   Abstract

   The Internet Message Access Protocol [IMAP4] requires a client to
   poll the server for changes to the selected mailbox (new mail,
   deletions).  It's often more desirable to have the server transmit
   updates to the client in real time.  This allows a user to see new
   mail immediately.  It also helps some real-time applications based on
   IMAP, which might otherwise need to poll extremely often (such as
   every few seconds).  (While the spec actually does allow a server to
   push EXISTS responses aysynchronously, a client can't expect this
   behaviour and must poll.)

   This document specifies the syntax of an IDLE command, which will
   allow a client to tell the server that it's ready to accept such
   real-time updates.

2.   Conventions Used in this Document

   In examples, "C:" and "S:" indicate lines sent by the client and
   server respectively.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", and "MAY"
   in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2060
   [IMAP4].

3.   Specification

   IDLE Command

   Arguments:  none

   Responses:  continuation data will be requested; the client sends
               the continuation data "DONE" to end the command



Leiba                       Standards Track                     [Page 1]

RFC 2177 IMAP4 IDLE command June 1997 Result: OK - IDLE completed after client sent "DONE" NO - failure: the server will not allow the IDLE command at this time BAD - command unknown or arguments invalid The IDLE command may be used with any IMAP4 server implementation that returns "IDLE" as one of the supported capabilities to the CAPABILITY command. If the server does not advertise the IDLE capability, the client MUST NOT use the IDLE command and must poll for mailbox updates. In particular, the client MUST continue to be able to accept unsolicited untagged responses to ANY command, as specified in the base IMAP specification. The IDLE command is sent from the client to the server when the client is ready to accept unsolicited mailbox update messages. The server requests a response to the IDLE command using the continuation ("+") response. The IDLE command remains active until the client responds to the continuation, and as long as an IDLE command is active, the server is now free to send untagged EXISTS, EXPUNGE, and other messages at any time. The IDLE command is terminated by the receipt of a "DONE" continuation from the client; such response satisfies the server's continuation request. At that point, the server MAY send any remaining queued untagged responses and then MUST immediately send the tagged response to the IDLE command and prepare to process other commands. As in the base specification, the processing of any new command may cause the sending of unsolicited untagged responses, subject to the ambiguity limitations. The client MUST NOT send a command while the server is waiting for the DONE, since the server will not be able to distinguish a command from a continuation. The server MAY consider a client inactive if it has an IDLE command running, and if such a server has an inactivity timeout it MAY log the client off implicitly at the end of its timeout period. Because of that, clients using IDLE are advised to terminate the IDLE and re-issue it at least every 29 minutes to avoid being logged off. This still allows a client to receive immediate mailbox updates even though it need only "poll" at half hour intervals. Leiba Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 2177 IMAP4 IDLE command June 1997 Example: C: A001 SELECT INBOX S: * FLAGS (Deleted Seen) S: * 3 EXISTS S: * 0 RECENT S: * OK [UIDVALIDITY 1] S: A001 OK SELECT completed C: A002 IDLE S: + idling ...time passes; new mail arrives... S: * 4 EXISTS C: DONE S: A002 OK IDLE terminated ...another client expunges message 2 now... C: A003 FETCH 4 ALL S: * 4 FETCH (...) S: A003 OK FETCH completed C: A004 IDLE S: * 2 EXPUNGE S: * 3 EXISTS S: + idling ...time passes; another client expunges message 3... S: * 3 EXPUNGE S: * 2 EXISTS ...time passes; new mail arrives... S: * 3 EXISTS C: DONE S: A004 OK IDLE terminated C: A005 FETCH 3 ALL S: * 3 FETCH (...) S: A005 OK FETCH completed C: A006 IDLE 4. Formal Syntax The following syntax specification uses the augmented Backus-Naur Form (BNF) notation as specified in [RFC 822] as modified by [IMAP4]. Non-terminals referenced but not defined below are as defined by [IMAP4]. command_auth ::= append / create / delete / examine / list / lsub / rename / select / status / subscribe / unsubscribe / idle ;; Valid only in Authenticated or Selected state idle ::= "IDLE" CRLF "DONE" Leiba Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 2177 IMAP4 IDLE command June 1997 5. References [IMAP4] Crispin, M., "Internet Message Access Protocol - Version 4rev1", RFC 2060, December 1996. 6. Security Considerations There are no known security issues with this extension. 7. Author's Address Barry Leiba IBM T.J. Watson Research Center 30 Saw Mill River Road Hawthorne, NY 10532 Email: leiba@watson.ibm.com Leiba Standards Track [Page 4]

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