RFCs in HTML Format


RFC 1611

                       DNS Server MIB Extensions

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ..............................................    1
   2. The SNMPv2 Network Management Framework ...................    2
   2.1 Object Definitions .......................................    2
   3. Overview ..................................................    2
   3.1 Resolvers ................................................    3
   3.2 Name Servers .............................................    3
   3.3 Selected Objects .........................................    4
   3.4 Textual Conventions ......................................    4
   4. Definitions ...............................................    5
   5. Acknowledgements ..........................................   28
   6. References ................................................   28
   7. Security Considerations ...................................   29
   8. Authors' Addresses ........................................   30

1.  Introduction

   This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB)
   for use with network management protocols in the Internet community.
   In particular, it describes a set of extensions which instrument DNS
   name server functions.  This memo was produced by the DNS working
   group.

   With the adoption of the Internet-standard Network Management
   Framework [4,5,6,7], and with a large number of vendor
   implementations of these standards in commercially available
   products, it became possible to provide a higher level of effective
   network management in TCP/IP-based internets than was previously
   available.  With the growth in the use of these standards, it has
   become possible to consider the management of other elements of the
   infrastructure beyond the basic TCP/IP protocols.  A key element of



Austein & Saperia                                               [Page 1]

RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 the TCP/IP infrastructure is the DNS. Up to this point there has been no mechanism to integrate the management of the DNS with SNMP-based managers. This memo provides the mechanisms by which IP-based management stations can effectively manage DNS name server software in an integrated fashion. We have defined DNS MIB objects to be used in conjunction with the Internet MIB to allow access to and control of DNS name server software via SNMP by the Internet community. 2. The SNMPv2 Network Management Framework The SNMPv2 Network Management Framework consists of four major components. They are: o RFC 1442 which defines the SMI, the mechanisms used for describing and naming objects for the purpose of management. o STD 17, RFC 1213 defines MIB-II, the core set of managed objects for the Internet suite of protocols. o RFC 1445 which defines the administrative and other architectural aspects of the framework. o RFC 1448 which defines the protocol used for network access to managed objects. The Framework permits new objects to be defined for the purpose of experimentation and evaluation. 2.1. Object Definitions Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. Objects in the MIB are defined using the subset of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) defined in the SMI. In particular, each object object type is named by an OBJECT IDENTIFIER, an administratively assigned name. The object type together with an object instance serves to uniquely identify a specific instantiation of the object. For human convenience, we often use a textual string, termed the descriptor, to refer to the object type. 3. Overview In theory, the DNS world is pretty simple. There are two kinds of entities: resolvers and name servers. Resolvers ask questions. Name servers answer them. The real world, however, is not so simple. Austein & Saperia [Page 2]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 Implementors have made widely differing choices about how to divide DNS functions between resolvers and servers. They have also constructed various sorts of exotic hybrids. The most difficult task in defining this MIB was to accommodate this wide range of entities without having to come up with a separate MIB for each. We divided up the various DNS functions into two, non-overlapping classes, called "resolver functions" and "name server functions." A DNS entity that performs what we define as resolver functions contains a resolver, and therefore must implement the MIB groups required of all resolvers which are defined in a separate MIB Module. A DNS entity which implements name server functions is considered to be a name server, and must implement the MIB groups required for name servers in this module. If the same piece of software performs both resolver and server functions, we imagine that it contains both a resolver and a server and would thus implement both the DNS Server and DNS Resolver MIBs. 3.1. Resolvers In our model, a resolver is a program (or piece thereof) which obtains resource records from servers. Normally it does so at the behest of an application, but may also do so as part of its own operation. A resolver sends DNS protocol queries and receives DNS protocol replies. A resolver neither receives queries nor sends replies. A full service resolver is one that knows how to resolve queries: it obtains the needed resource records by contacting a server authoritative for the records desired. A stub resolver does not know how to resolve queries: it sends all queries to a local name server, setting the "recursion desired" flag to indicate that it hopes that the name server will be willing to resolve the query. A resolver may (optionally) have a cache for remembering previously acquired resource records. It may also have a negative cache for remembering names or data that have been determined not to exist. 3.2. Name Servers A name server is a program (or piece thereof) that provides resource records to resolvers. All references in this document to "a name server" imply "the name server's role"; in some cases the name server's role and the resolver's role might be combined into a single program. A name server receives DNS protocol queries and sends DNS protocol replies. A name server neither sends queries nor receives replies. As a consequence, name servers do not have caches. Normally, a name server would expect to receive only those queries to which it could respond with authoritative information. However, if a name server receives a query that it cannot respond to with purely authoritative information, it may choose to try to obtain the Austein & Saperia [Page 3]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 necessary additional information from a resolver which may or may not be a separate process. 3.3. Selected Objects Many of the objects included in this memo have been created from information contained in the DNS specifications [1,2], as amended and clarified by subsequent host requirements documents [3]. Other objects have been created based on experience with existing DNS management tools, expected operational needs, the statistics generated by existing DNS implementations, and the configuration files used by existing DNS implementations. These objects have been ordered into groups as follows: o Server Configuration Group o Server Counter Group o Server Optional Counter Group o Server Zone Group This information has been converted into a standard form using the SNMPv2 SMI defined in [9]. For the most part, the descriptions are influenced by the DNS related RFCs noted above. For example, the descriptions for counters used for the various types of queries of DNS records are influenced by the definitions used for the various record types found in [2]. 3.4. Textual Conventions Several conceptual data types have been introduced as a textual conventions in this DNS MIB document. These additions will facilitate the common understanding of information used by the DNS. No changes to the SMI or the SNMP are necessary to support these conventions. Readers familiar with MIBs designed to manage entities in the lower layers of the Internet protocol suite may be surprised at the number of non-enumerated integers used in this MIB to represent values such as DNS RR class and type numbers. The reason for this choice is simple: the DNS itself is designed as an extensible protocol, allowing new classes and types of resource records to be added to the protocol without recoding the core DNS software. Using non- enumerated integers to represent these data types in this MIB allows the MIB to accommodate these changes as well. Austein & Saperia [Page 4]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 4. Definitions DNS-SERVER-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS mib-2 FROM RFC 1213 MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, OBJECT-IDENTITY, IpAddress, Counter32, Gauge32 FROM SNMPv2-SMI TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, RowStatus, DisplayString, TruthValue FROM SNMPv2-TC MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF; dns OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The OID assigned to DNS MIB work by the IANA." ::= { mib-2 32 } dnsServMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "9401282251Z" ORGANIZATION "IETF DNS Working Group" CONTACT-INFO " Rob Austein Postal: Epilogue Technology Corporation 268 Main Street, Suite 283 North Reading, MA 10864 US Tel: +1 617 245 0804 Fax: +1 617 245 8122 E-Mail: sra@epilogue.com Jon Saperia Postal: Digital Equipment Corporation 110 Spit Brook Road ZKO1-3/H18 Nashua, NH 03062-2698 US Tel: +1 603 881 0480 Fax: +1 603 881 0120 Email: saperia@zko.dec.com" DESCRIPTION "The MIB module for entities implementing the server side of the Domain Name System (DNS) protocol." ::= { dns 1 } Austein & Saperia [Page 5]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 dnsServMIBObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIB 1 } -- (Old-style) groups in the DNS server MIB. dnsServConfig OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIBObjects 1 } dnsServCounter OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIBObjects 2 } dnsServOptCounter OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIBObjects 3 } dnsServZone OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIBObjects 4 } -- Textual conventions DnsName ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION -- A DISPLAY-HINT would be nice, but difficult to express. STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A DNS name is a sequence of labels. When DNS names are displayed, the boundaries between labels are typically indicated by dots (e.g. `Acme' and `COM' are labels in the name `Acme.COM'). In the DNS protocol, however, no such separators are needed because each label is encoded as a length octet followed by the indicated number of octets of label. For example, `Acme.COM' is encoded as the octet sequence { 4, 'A', 'c', 'm', 'e', 3, 'C', 'O', 'M', 0 } (the final 0 is the length of the name of the root domain, which appears implicitly at the end of any DNS name). This MIB uses the same encoding as the DNS protocol. A DnsName must always be a fully qualified name. It is an error to encode a relative domain name as a DnsName without first making it a fully qualified name." REFERENCE "RFC 1034 section 3.1." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (0..255)) DnsNameAsIndex ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This textual convention is like a DnsName, but is used as an index componant in tables. Alphabetic characters in names of this type are restricted to uppercase: the characters 'a' through 'z' are mapped to the characters 'A' through 'Z'. This restriction is intended to make the lexical ordering imposed by SNMP useful when applied to DNS names. Note that it is theoretically possible for a valid DNS Austein & Saperia [Page 6]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 name to exceed the allowed length of an SNMP object identifer, and thus be impossible to represent in tables in this MIB that are indexed by DNS name. Sampling of DNS names in current use on the Internet suggests that this limit does not pose a serious problem in practice." REFERENCE "RFC 1034 section 3.1, RFC 1448 section 4.1." SYNTAX DnsName DnsClass ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "2d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to represent the class values which appear in Resource Records in the DNS. A 16-bit unsigned integer is used to allow room for new classes of records to be defined. Existing standard classes are listed in the DNS specifications." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 3.2.4." SYNTAX INTEGER (0..65535) DnsType ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "2d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to represent the type values which appear in Resource Records in the DNS. A 16-bit unsigned integer is used to allow room for new record types to be defined. Existing standard types are listed in the DNS specifications." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 3.2.2." SYNTAX INTEGER (0..65535) DnsQClass ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "2d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to represent the QClass values which appear in Resource Records in the DNS. A 16-bit unsigned integer is used to allow room for new QClass records to be defined. Existing standard QClasses are listed in the DNS specification." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 3.2.5." SYNTAX INTEGER (0..65535) Austein & Saperia [Page 7]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 DnsQType ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "2d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to represent the QType values which appear in Resource Records in the DNS. A 16-bit unsigned integer is used to allow room for new QType records to be defined. Existing standard QTypes are listed in the DNS specification." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 3.2.3." SYNTAX INTEGER (0..65535) DnsTime ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "4d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "DnsTime values are 32-bit unsigned integers which measure time in seconds." REFERENCE "RFC 1035." SYNTAX Gauge32 DnsOpCode ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This textual convention is used to represent the DNS OPCODE values used in the header section of DNS messages. Existing standard OPCODE values are listed in the DNS specifications." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 4.1.1." SYNTAX INTEGER (0..15) DnsRespCode ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This data type is used to represent the DNS RCODE value in DNS response messages. Existing standard RCODE values are listed in the DNS specifications." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 4.1.1." SYNTAX INTEGER (0..15) Austein & Saperia [Page 8]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 -- Server Configuration Group dnsServConfigImplementIdent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DisplayString MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The implementation identification string for the DNS server software in use on the system, for example; `FNS-2.1'" ::= { dnsServConfig 1 } dnsServConfigRecurs OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { available(1), restricted(2), unavailable(3) } MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This represents the recursion services offered by this name server. The values that can be read or written are: available(1) - performs recursion on requests from clients. restricted(2) - recursion is performed on requests only from certain clients, for example; clients on an access control list. unavailable(3) - recursion is not available." ::= { dnsServConfig 2 } dnsServConfigUpTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "If the server has a persistent state (e.g., a process), this value will be the time elapsed since it started. For software without persistant state, this value will be zero." ::= { dnsServConfig 3 } dnsServConfigResetTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current Austein & Saperia [Page 9]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 DESCRIPTION "If the server has a persistent state (e.g., a process) and supports a `reset' operation (e.g., can be told to re-read configuration files), this value will be the time elapsed since the last time the name server was `reset.' For software that does not have persistence or does not support a `reset' operation, this value will be zero." ::= { dnsServConfig 4 } dnsServConfigReset OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { other(1), reset(2), initializing(3), running(4) } MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Status/action object to reinitialize any persistant name server state. When set to reset(2), any persistant name server state (such as a process) is reinitialized as if the name server had just been started. This value will never be returned by a read operation. When read, one of the following values will be returned: other(1) - server in some unknown state; initializing(3) - server (re)initializing; running(4) - server currently running." ::= { dnsServConfig 5 } -- Server Counter Group dnsServCounterAuthAns OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries which were authoritatively answered." ::= { dnsServCounter 2 } dnsServCounterAuthNoNames OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries for which `authoritative no such name' responses were made." ::= { dnsServCounter 3 } Austein & Saperia [Page 10]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 dnsServCounterAuthNoDataResps OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries for which `authoritative no such data' (empty answer) responses were made." ::= { dnsServCounter 4 } dnsServCounterNonAuthDatas OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries which were non-authoritatively answered (cached data)." ::= { dnsServCounter 5 } dnsServCounterNonAuthNoDatas OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries which were non-authoritatively answered with no data (empty answer)." ::= { dnsServCounter 6 } dnsServCounterReferrals OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests that were referred to other servers." ::= { dnsServCounter 7 } dnsServCounterErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed that were answered with errors (RCODE values other than 0 and 3)." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 4.1.1." ::= { dnsServCounter 8 } dnsServCounterRelNames OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 Austein & Saperia [Page 11]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests received by the server for names that are only 1 label long (text form - no internal dots)." ::= { dnsServCounter 9 } dnsServCounterReqRefusals OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of DNS requests refused by the server." ::= { dnsServCounter 10 } dnsServCounterReqUnparses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests received which were unparseable." ::= { dnsServCounter 11 } dnsServCounterOtherErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests which were aborted for other (local) server errors." ::= { dnsServCounter 12 } -- DNS Server Counter Table dnsServCounterTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF DnsServCounterEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Counter information broken down by DNS class and type." ::= { dnsServCounter 13 } dnsServCounterEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsServCounterEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This table contains count information for each DNS class Austein & Saperia [Page 12]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 and type value known to the server. The index allows management software to to create indices to the table to get the specific information desired, e.g., number of queries over UDP for records with type value `A' which came to this server. In order to prevent an uncontrolled expansion of rows in the table; if dnsServCounterRequests is 0 and dnsServCounterResponses is 0, then the row does not exist and `no such' is returned when the agent is queried for such instances." INDEX { dnsServCounterOpCode, dnsServCounterQClass, dnsServCounterQType, dnsServCounterTransport } ::= { dnsServCounterTable 1 } DnsServCounterEntry ::= SEQUENCE { dnsServCounterOpCode DnsOpCode, dnsServCounterQClass DnsClass, dnsServCounterQType DnsType, dnsServCounterTransport INTEGER, dnsServCounterRequests Counter32, dnsServCounterResponses Counter32 } dnsServCounterOpCode OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsOpCode MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The DNS OPCODE being counted in this row of the table." ::= { dnsServCounterEntry 1 } dnsServCounterQClass OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsClass MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The class of record being counted in this row of the table." ::= { dnsServCounterEntry 2 } Austein & Saperia [Page 13]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 dnsServCounterQType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsType MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The type of record which is being counted in this row in the table." ::= { dnsServCounterEntry 3 } dnsServCounterTransport OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { udp(1), tcp(2), other(3) } MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A value of udp(1) indicates that the queries reported on this row were sent using UDP. A value of tcp(2) indicates that the queries reported on this row were sent using TCP. A value of other(3) indicates that the queries reported on this row were sent using a transport that was neither TCP nor UDP." ::= { dnsServCounterEntry 4 } dnsServCounterRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests (queries) that have been recorded in this row of the table." ::= { dnsServCounterEntry 5 } dnsServCounterResponses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of responses made by the server since initialization for the kind of query identified on this row of the table." ::= { dnsServCounterEntry 6 } Austein & Saperia [Page 14]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 -- Server Optional Counter Group -- The Server Optional Counter Group is intended for those systems -- which make distinctions between the different sources of the DNS -- queries as defined below. -- -- Objects in this group are implemented on servers which distinguish -- between queries which originate from the same host as the server, -- queries from one of an arbitrary group of hosts that are on an -- access list defined by the server, and queries from hosts that do -- not fit either of these descriptions. -- -- The objects found in the Server Counter group are totals. Thus if -- one wanted to identify, for example, the number of queries from -- `remote' hosts which have been given authoritative answers, one -- would subtract the current values of ServOptCounterFriendsAuthAns -- and ServOptCounterSelfAuthAns from servCounterAuthAns. -- -- The purpose of these distinctions is to allow for implementations -- to group queries and responses on this basis. One way in which -- servers may make these distinctions is by looking at the source IP -- address of the DNS query. If the source of the query is `your -- own' then the query should be counted as `yourself' (local host). -- If the source of the query matches an `access list,' the query -- came from a friend. What constitutes an `access list' is -- implementation dependent and could be as simple as a rule that all -- hosts on the same IP network as the DNS server are classed -- `friends.' -- -- In order to avoid double counting, the following rules apply: -- -- 1. No host is in more than one of the three groups defined above. -- -- 2. All queries from the local host are always counted in the -- `yourself' group regardless of what the access list, if any, -- says. -- -- 3. The access list should not define `your friends' in such a way -- that it includes all hosts. That is, not everybody is your -- `friend.' dnsServOptCounterSelfAuthAns OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host for which Austein & Saperia [Page 15]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 there has been an authoritative answer." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 1 } dnsServOptCounterSelfAuthNoNames OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host for which there has been an authoritative no such name answer given." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 2 } dnsServOptCounterSelfAuthNoDataResps OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host for which there has been an authoritative no such data answer (empty answer) made." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 3 } dnsServOptCounterSelfNonAuthDatas OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host for which a non-authoritative answer (cached data) was made." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 4 } dnsServOptCounterSelfNonAuthNoDatas OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host for which a `non-authoritative, no such data' response was made (empty answer)." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 5 } dnsServOptCounterSelfReferrals OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 Austein & Saperia [Page 16]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host and were referred to other servers." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 6 } dnsServOptCounterSelfErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host which have been answered with errors (RCODEs other than 0 and 3)." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 4.1.1." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 7 } dnsServOptCounterSelfRelNames OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests received for names that are only 1 label long (text form - no internal dots) the server has processed which originated from a resolver on the same host." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 8 } dnsServOptCounterSelfReqRefusals OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of DNS requests refused by the server which originated from a resolver on the same host." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 9 } dnsServOptCounterSelfReqUnparses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests received which were unparseable and which originated from a resolver on the same host." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 10 } Austein & Saperia [Page 17]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 dnsServOptCounterSelfOtherErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests which were aborted for other (local) server errors and which originated on the same host." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 11 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsAuthAns OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries originating from friends which were authoritatively answered. The definition of friends is a locally defined matter." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 12 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsAuthNoNames OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries originating from friends, for which authoritative `no such name' responses were made. The definition of friends is a locally defined matter." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 13 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsAuthNoDataResps OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries originating from friends for which authoritative no such data (empty answer) responses were made. The definition of friends is a locally defined matter." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 14 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsNonAuthDatas OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries originating from friends which were non-authoritatively answered (cached data). The definition of friends is a locally defined matter." Austein & Saperia [Page 18]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 ::= { dnsServOptCounter 15 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsNonAuthNoDatas OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of queries originating from friends which were non-authoritatively answered with no such data (empty answer)." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 16 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsReferrals OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests which originated from friends that were referred to other servers. The definition of friends is a locally defined matter." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 17 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests the server has processed which originated from friends and were answered with errors (RCODE values other than 0 and 3). The definition of friends is a locally defined matter." REFERENCE "RFC 1035 section 4.1.1." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 18 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsRelNames OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests received for names from friends that are only 1 label long (text form - no internal dots) the server has processed." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 19 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsReqRefusals OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only Austein & Saperia [Page 19]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of DNS requests refused by the server which were received from `friends'." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 20 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsReqUnparses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests received which were unparseable and which originated from `friends'." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 21 } dnsServOptCounterFriendsOtherErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of requests which were aborted for other (local) server errors and which originated from `friends'." ::= { dnsServOptCounter 22 } -- Server Zone Group -- DNS Management Zone Configuration Table -- This table contains zone configuration information. dnsServZoneTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF DnsServZoneEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Table of zones for which this name server provides information. Each of the zones may be loaded from stable storage via an implementation-specific mechanism or may be obtained from another name server via a zone transfer. If name server doesn't load any zones, this table is empty." ::= { dnsServZone 1 } dnsServZoneEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsServZoneEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible Austein & Saperia [Page 20]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in the name server zone table. New rows may be added either via SNMP or by the name server itself." INDEX { dnsServZoneName, dnsServZoneClass } ::= { dnsServZoneTable 1 } DnsServZoneEntry ::= SEQUENCE { dnsServZoneName DnsNameAsIndex, dnsServZoneClass DnsClass, dnsServZoneLastReloadSuccess DnsTime, dnsServZoneLastReloadAttempt DnsTime, dnsServZoneLastSourceAttempt IpAddress, dnsServZoneStatus RowStatus, dnsServZoneSerial Counter32, dnsServZoneCurrent TruthValue, dnsServZoneLastSourceSuccess IpAddress } dnsServZoneName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsNameAsIndex MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "DNS name of the zone described by this row of the table. This is the owner name of the SOA RR that defines the top of the zone. This is name is in uppercase: characters 'a' through 'z' are mapped to 'A' through 'Z' in order to make the lexical ordering useful." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 1 } dnsServZoneClass OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsClass MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "DNS class of the RRs in this zone." Austein & Saperia [Page 21]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 2 } dnsServZoneLastReloadSuccess OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Elapsed time in seconds since last successful reload of this zone." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 3 } dnsServZoneLastReloadAttempt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Elapsed time in seconds since last attempted reload of this zone." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 4 } dnsServZoneLastSourceAttempt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "IP address of host from which most recent zone transfer of this zone was attempted. This value should match the value of dnsServZoneSourceSuccess if the attempt was succcessful. If zone transfer has not been attempted within the memory of this name server, this value should be 0.0.0.0." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 5 } dnsServZoneStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of the information represented in this row of the table." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 6 } dnsServZoneSerial OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Zone serial number (from the SOA RR) of the zone Austein & Saperia [Page 22]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 represented by this row of the table. If the zone has not been successfully loaded within the memory of this name server, the value of this variable is zero." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 7 } dnsServZoneCurrent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TruthValue MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Whether the server's copy of the zone represented by this row of the table is currently valid. If the zone has never been successfully loaded or has expired since it was last succesfully loaded, this variable will have the value false(2), otherwise this variable will have the value true(1)." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 8 } dnsServZoneLastSourceSuccess OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "IP address of host which was the source of the most recent successful zone transfer for this zone. If unknown (e.g., zone has never been successfully transfered) or irrelevant (e.g., zone was loaded from stable storage), this value should be 0.0.0.0." ::= { dnsServZoneEntry 9 } -- DNS Zone Source Table dnsServZoneSrcTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF DnsServZoneSrcEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This table is a list of IP addresses from which the server will attempt to load zone information using DNS zone transfer operations. A reload may occur due to SNMP operations that create a row in dnsServZoneTable or a SET to object dnsServZoneReload. This table is only used when the zone is loaded via zone transfer." ::= { dnsServZone 2 } dnsServZoneSrcEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsServZoneSrcEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible Austein & Saperia [Page 23]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in the name server zone source table." INDEX { dnsServZoneSrcName, dnsServZoneSrcClass, dnsServZoneSrcAddr } ::= { dnsServZoneSrcTable 1 } DnsServZoneSrcEntry ::= SEQUENCE { dnsServZoneSrcName DnsNameAsIndex, dnsServZoneSrcClass DnsClass, dnsServZoneSrcAddr IpAddress, dnsServZoneSrcStatus RowStatus } dnsServZoneSrcName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsNameAsIndex MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "DNS name of the zone to which this entry applies." ::= { dnsServZoneSrcEntry 1 } dnsServZoneSrcClass OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DnsClass MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "DNS class of zone to which this entry applies." ::= { dnsServZoneSrcEntry 2 } dnsServZoneSrcAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "IP address of name server host from which this zone might be obtainable." ::= { dnsServZoneSrcEntry 3 } dnsServZoneSrcStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create Austein & Saperia [Page 24]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The status of the information represented in this row of the table." ::= { dnsServZoneSrcEntry 4 } -- SNMPv2 groups. dnsServMIBGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIB 2 } dnsServConfigGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { dnsServConfigImplementIdent, dnsServConfigRecurs, dnsServConfigUpTime, dnsServConfigResetTime, dnsServConfigReset } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects providing basic configuration control of a DNS name server." ::= { dnsServMIBGroups 1 } dnsServCounterGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { dnsServCounterAuthAns, dnsServCounterAuthNoNames, dnsServCounterAuthNoDataResps, dnsServCounterNonAuthDatas, dnsServCounterNonAuthNoDatas, dnsServCounterReferrals, dnsServCounterErrors, dnsServCounterRelNames, dnsServCounterReqRefusals, dnsServCounterReqUnparses, dnsServCounterOtherErrors, dnsServCounterOpCode, dnsServCounterQClass, dnsServCounterQType, dnsServCounterTransport, dnsServCounterRequests, dnsServCounterResponses } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects providing basic instrumentation of a DNS name server." ::= { dnsServMIBGroups 2 } Austein & Saperia [Page 25]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 dnsServOptCounterGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { dnsServOptCounterSelfAuthAns, dnsServOptCounterSelfAuthNoNames, dnsServOptCounterSelfAuthNoDataResps, dnsServOptCounterSelfNonAuthDatas, dnsServOptCounterSelfNonAuthNoDatas, dnsServOptCounterSelfReferrals, dnsServOptCounterSelfErrors, dnsServOptCounterSelfRelNames, dnsServOptCounterSelfReqRefusals, dnsServOptCounterSelfReqUnparses, dnsServOptCounterSelfOtherErrors, dnsServOptCounterFriendsAuthAns, dnsServOptCounterFriendsAuthNoNames, dnsServOptCounterFriendsAuthNoDataResps, dnsServOptCounterFriendsNonAuthDatas, dnsServOptCounterFriendsNonAuthNoDatas, dnsServOptCounterFriendsReferrals, dnsServOptCounterFriendsErrors, dnsServOptCounterFriendsRelNames, dnsServOptCounterFriendsReqRefusals, dnsServOptCounterFriendsReqUnparses, dnsServOptCounterFriendsOtherErrors } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects providing extended instrumentation of a DNS name server." ::= { dnsServMIBGroups 3 } dnsServZoneGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { dnsServZoneName, dnsServZoneClass, dnsServZoneLastReloadSuccess, dnsServZoneLastReloadAttempt, dnsServZoneLastSourceAttempt, dnsServZoneLastSourceSuccess, dnsServZoneStatus, dnsServZoneSerial, dnsServZoneCurrent, dnsServZoneSrcName, dnsServZoneSrcClass, dnsServZoneSrcAddr, dnsServZoneSrcStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects providing configuration control of a DNS name server which loads authoritative zones." ::= { dnsServMIBGroups 4 } Austein & Saperia [Page 26]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 -- Compliances. dnsServMIBCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dnsServMIB 3 } dnsServMIBCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for agents implementing the DNS name server MIB extensions." MODULE -- This MIB module MANDATORY-GROUPS { dnsServConfigGroup, dnsServCounterGroup } GROUP dnsServOptCounterGroup DESCRIPTION "The server optional counter group is unconditionally optional." GROUP dnsServZoneGroup DESCRIPTION "The server zone group is mandatory for any name server that acts as an authoritative server for any DNS zone." OBJECT dnsServConfigRecurs MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object need not be writable." OBJECT dnsServConfigReset MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object need not be writable." ::= { dnsServMIBCompliances 1 } END Austein & Saperia [Page 27]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 5. Acknowledgements This document is the result of work undertaken the by DNS working group. The authors would particularly like to thank the following people for their contributions to this document: Philip Almquist, Frank Kastenholz (FTP Software), Joe Peck (DEC), Dave Perkins (SynOptics), Win Treese (DEC), and Mimi Zohar (IBM). 6. References [1] Mockapetris, P., "Domain Names -- Concepts and Facilities", STD 13, RFC 1034, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November 1987. [2] Mockapetris, P., "Domain Names -- Implementation and Specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November 1987. [3] Braden, R., Editor, "Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Application and Support, STD 3, RFC 1123, USC/Information Sciences Institute, October 1989. [4] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based internets", STD 16, RFC 1155, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, May 1990 [5] McCloghrie, K., and M. Rose, "Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets", RFC 1156, Hughes LAN Systems, Performance Systems International, May 1990. [6] Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M., and J. Davin, "Simple Network Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157, SNMP Research, Performance Systems International, Performance Systems International, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, May 1990. [7] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, Editors, "Concise MIB Definitions", STD 16, RFC 1212, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, March 1991. [8] McCloghrie, K., and M. Rose, Editors, "Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets: MIB-II", STD 17, RFC 1213, Hughes LAN Systems, Performance Systems International, March 1991. [9] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information for version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1442, SNMP Research, Inc., Hughes LAN Systems, Dover Beach Consulting, Inc., Carnegie Mellon Austein & Saperia [Page 28]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994 University, April 1993. [10] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for version 2 of the the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1443, SNMP Research, Inc., Hughes LAN Systems, Dover Beach Consulting, Inc., Carnegie Mellon University, April 1993. [11] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements for version 2 of the the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1444, SNMP Research, Inc., Hughes LAN Systems, Dover Beach Consulting, Inc., Carnegie Mellon University, April 1993. [12] Galvin, J., and K. McCloghrie, "Administrative Model for version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1445, Trusted Information Systems, Hughes LAN Systems, April 1993. [13] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Protocol Operations for version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1448, SNMP Research, Inc., Hughes LAN Systems, Dover Beach Consulting, Inc., Carnegie Mellon University, April 1993. [14] "Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)", International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8824, December 1987. 7. Security Considerations Security issues are not discussed in this memo. Austein & Saperia [Page 29]
RFC 1611 DNS Server MIB Extensions May 1994



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