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RFC 1474

Network Working Group                                      F. Kastenholz
Request for Comments: 1474                            FTP Software, Inc.
                                                               June 1993


                 The Definitions of Managed Objects for
                 the Bridge Network Control Protocol of
                      the Point-to-Point Protocol

Table of Contents

   1. The Network Management Framework ......................    1
   2. Objects ...............................................    2
   2.1 Format of Definitions ................................    2
   3. Overview ..............................................    2
   3.1 Object Selection Criteria ............................    2
   3.2 Structure of the PPP .................................    3
   3.3 MIB Groups ...........................................    3
   4. Definitions ...........................................    4
   5. Acknowledgements ......................................   13
   6. Security Considerations ...............................   14
   7. References ............................................   14
   8. Author's Address ......................................   15

1.  The Network Management Framework

   The Internet-standard Network Management Framework consists of three
   components.  They are:

      STD 16/RFC 1155 which defines the SMI, the mechanisms used for
      describing and naming objects for the purpose of management.  STD
      16/RFC 1212 defines a more concise description mechanism, which is



Kastenholz                                                      [Page 1]

RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 wholly consistent with the SMI. STD 17/RFC 1213 which defines MIB-II, the core set of managed objects for the Internet suite of protocols. STD 15/RFC 1157 which defines the SNMP, the protocol used for network access to managed objects. The Framework permits new objects to be defined for the purpose of experimentation and evaluation. 2. Objects Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. Objects in the MIB are defined using the subset of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) [3] defined in the SMI. In particular, each object type is named by an OBJECT IDENTIFIER, an administratively assigned name. The object type together with an object instance serves to uniquely identify a specific instantiation of the object. For human convenience, we often use a textual string, termed the descriptor, to refer to the object type. 2.1. Format of Definitions Section 4 contains the specification of all object types contained in this MIB module. The object types are defined using the conventions defined in the SMI, as amended by the extensions specified in [5,6]. 3. Overview 3.1. Object Selection Criteria To be consistent with IAB directives and good engineering practice, an explicit attempt was made to keep this MIB as simple as possible. This was accomplished by applying the following criteria to objects proposed for inclusion: (1) Require objects be essential for either fault or configuration management. In particular, objects for which the sole purpose was to debug implementations were explicitly excluded from the MIB. (2) Consider evidence of current use and/or utility. (3) Limit the total number of objects. (4) Exclude objects which are simply derivable from others in Kastenholz [Page 2]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 this or other MIBs. 3.2. Structure of the PPP This section describes the basic model of PPP used in developing the PPP MIB. This information should be useful to the implementor in understanding some of the basic design decisions of the MIB. The PPP is not one single protocol but a large family of protocols. Each of these is, in itself, a fairly complex protocol. The PPP protocols may be divided into three rough categories: Control Protocols The Control Protocols are used to control the operation of the PPP. The Control Protocols include the Link Control Protocol (LCP), the Password Authentication Protocol (PAP), the Link Quality Report (LQR), and the Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP). Network Protocols The Network Protocols are used to move the network traffic over the PPP interface. A Network Protocol encapsulates the datagrams of a specific higher-layer protocol that is using the PPP as a data link. Note that within the context of PPP, the term "Network Protocol" does not imply an OSI Layer-3 protocol; for instance, there is a Bridging network protocol. Network Control Protocols (NCPs) The NCPs are used to control the operation of the Network Protocols. Generally, each Network Protocol has its own Network Control Protocol; thus, the IP Network Protocol has its IP Control Protocol, the Bridging Network Protocol has its Bridging Network Control Protocol and so on. This document specifies the objects used in managing one of these protocols, namely the Bridge Network Control Protocol. 3.3. MIB Groups Objects in this MIB are arranged into several MIB groups. Each group is organized as a set of related objects. These groups are the basic unit of conformance: if the semantics of a group are applicable to an implementation then all objects in the group must be implemented. The PPP MIB is organized into several MIB Groups, including, but not limited to, the following groups: Kastenholz [Page 3]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 o The PPP Link Group o The PPP LQR Group o The PPP LQR Extensions Group o The PPP IP Group o The PPP Bridge Group o The PPP Security Group This document specifies the following group: The PPP Bridge Group The PPP Bridge Group contains configuration, status, and control variables that apply to the operation of Bridging over PPP. Implementation of this group is mandatory for all implementations of PPP that support the Bridging over PPP. 4. Definitions PPP-BRIDGE-NCP-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS Counter FROM RFC1155-SMI ifIndex FROM RFC1213-MIB OBJECT-TYPE FROM RFC 1212 ppp FROM PPP-LCP-MIB; pppBridge OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ppp 4 } -- -- The PPP Bridge NCP Group. -- Implementation of this group is mandatory for all -- PPP implementations that support MAC Bridging over -- PPP (RFC1220). -- -- The following object reflect the values of the option -- parameters used in the PPP Link Control Protocol -- pppBridgeLocalToRemoteTinygramCompression -- pppBridgeRemoteToLocalTinygramCompression -- pppBridgeLocalToRemoteLanId -- pppBridgeRemoteToLocalLanId -- -- These values are not available until after the PPP Option Kastenholz [Page 4]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 -- negotiation has completed, which is indicated by the link -- reaching the open state (i.e. pppBridgeOperStatus is set to -- opened). -- -- Therefore, when pppBridgeOperStatus is not opened -- the contents of these objects is undefined. The value -- returned when accessing the objects is an implementation -- dependent issue. pppBridgeTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PppBridgeEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Table containing the parameters and statistics for the local PPP entity that are related to the operation of Bridging over the PPP." ::= { pppBridge 1 } pppBridgeEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PppBridgeEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Bridging information for a particular PPP link." INDEX { ifIndex } ::= { pppBridgeTable 1 } PppBridgeEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pppBridgeOperStatus INTEGER, pppBridgeLocalToRemoteTinygramCompression INTEGER, pppBridgeRemoteToLocalTinygramCompression INTEGER, pppBridgeLocalToRemoteLanId INTEGER, pppBridgeRemoteToLocalLanId INTEGER } pppBridgeOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER {opened(1), not-opened(2)} ACCESS read-only Kastenholz [Page 5]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The operational status of the Bridge network protocol. If the value of this object is up then the finite state machine for the Bridge network protocol has reached the Opened state." ::= { pppBridgeEntry 1 } pppBridgeLocalToRemoteTinygramCompression OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the local node will perform Tinygram Compression when sending packets to the remote entity. If false then the local entity will not perform Tinygram Compression. If true then the local entity will perform Tinygram Compression. The value of this object is meaningful only when the link has reached the open state (pppBridgeOperStatus is opened)." REFERENCE "Section 6.7, Tinygram Compression Option, of RFC1220" ::= { pppBridgeEntry 2 } pppBridgeRemoteToLocalTinygramCompression OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "If false(1) then the remote entity is not expected to perform Tinygram Compression. If true then the remote entity is expected to perform Tinygram Compression. The value of this object is meaningful only when the link has reached the open state (pppBridgeOperStatus is opened)." REFERENCE "Section 6.7, Tinygram Compression Option, of RFC1220" ::= { pppBridgeEntry 3 } Kastenholz [Page 6]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 pppBridgeLocalToRemoteLanId OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the local node will include the LAN Identification field in transmitted packets or not. If false(1) then the local node will not transmit this field, true(2) means that the field will be transmitted. The value of this object is meaningful only when the link has reached the open state (pppBridgeOperStatus is opened)." REFERENCE "Section 6.8, LAN Identification Option, of RFC1220" ::= { pppBridgeEntry 4 } pppBridgeRemoteToLocalLanId OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the remote node has indicated that it will include the LAN Identification field in transmitted packets or not. If false(1) then the field will not be transmitted, if true(2) then the field will be transmitted. The value of this object is meaningful only when the link has reached the open state (pppBridgeOperStatus is opened)." REFERENCE "Section 6.8, LAN Identification Option, of RFC1220" ::= { pppBridgeEntry 5 } -- -- The PPP Bridge Configuration table -- pppBridgeConfigTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PppBridgeConfigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Table containing the parameters and statistics Kastenholz [Page 7]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 for the local PPP entity that are related to the operation of Bridging over the PPP." ::= { pppBridge 2 } pppBridgeConfigEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PppBridgeConfigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Bridging Configuration information for a particular PPP link." INDEX { ifIndex } ::= { pppBridgeConfigTable 1 } PppBridgeConfigEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pppBridgeConfigAdminStatus INTEGER, pppBridgeConfigTinygram INTEGER, pppBridgeConfigRingId INTEGER, pppBridgeConfigLineId INTEGER, pppBridgeConfigLanId INTEGER } pppBridgeConfigAdminStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { open(1), close(2) } ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The immediate desired status of the Bridging network protocol. Setting this object to open will inject an administrative open event into the Bridging network protocol's finite state machine. Setting this object to close will inject an administrative close event into the Bridging network protocol's finite state machine." ::= { pppBridgeConfigEntry 1 } pppBridgeConfigTinygram OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } Kastenholz [Page 8]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "If false then the local BNCP entity will not initiate the Tinygram Compression Option Negotiation. If true then the local BNCP entity will initiate negotiation of this option." REFERENCE "Section 6.7, Tinygram Compression Option, of RFC1220" DEFVAL { true } ::= { pppBridgeConfigEntry 2 } pppBridgeConfigRingId OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "If false then the local PPP Entity will not initiate a Remote Ring Identification Option negotiation. If true then the local PPP entity will intiate this negotiation. This MIB object is relevant only if the interface is for 802.5 Token Ring bridging." REFERENCE "Section 6.4, IEEE 802.5 Remote Ring Identification Option, of RFC1220" DEFVAL { false } ::= { pppBridgeConfigEntry 3 } pppBridgeConfigLineId OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "If false then the local PPP Entity is not to initiate a Line Identification Option negotiation. If true then the local PPP entity will intiate this negotiation. This MIB object is relevant only if the interface is for 802.5 Token Ring bridging." REFERENCE "Section 6.5, IEEE 802.5 Line Identification Option, of RFC1220" DEFVAL { false } ::= { pppBridgeConfigEntry 4 } Kastenholz [Page 9]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 pppBridgeConfigLanId OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { false(1), true(2) } ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "If false then the local BNCP entity will not initiate the LAN Identification Option Negotiation. If true then the local BNCP entity will initiate negotiation of this option." REFERENCE "Section 6.8, LAN Identification Option, of RFC1220" DEFVAL { false } ::= { pppBridgeConfigEntry 5 } -- -- The PPP Bridge Media Status Table -- pppBridgeMediaTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PppBridgeMediaEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Table identifying which MAC media types are enabled for the Bridging NCPs." ::= { pppBridge 3 } pppBridgeMediaEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PppBridgeMediaEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Status of a specific MAC Type for a specific PPP Link." INDEX { ifIndex, pppBridgeMediaMacType } ::= { pppBridgeMediaTable 1 } PppBridgeMediaEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pppBridgeMediaMacType INTEGER, pppBridgeMediaLocalStatus INTEGER, pppBridgeMediaRemoteStatus INTEGER Kastenholz [Page 10]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 } pppBridgeMediaMacType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER(0..2147483647) ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The MAC type for which this entry in the pppBridgeMediaTable is providing status information. Valid values for this object are defined in Section 6.6 MAC Type Support Selection of RFC1220 (Bridging Point-to-Point Protocol)." REFERENCE "Section 6.6, MAC Type Support Selection, of RFC1212." ::= { pppBridgeMediaEntry 1 } pppBridgeMediaLocalStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { accept(1), dont-accept(2) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the local PPP Bridging Entity will accept packets of the protocol type identified in pppBridgeMediaMacType on the PPP link identified by ifIndex or not. If this object is accept then any packets of the indicated MAC type will be received and properly processed. If this object is dont- accept then received packets of the indicated MAC type will not be properly processed." REFERENCE "Section 6.6, MAC Type Support Selection, of RFC1212." ::= { pppBridgeMediaEntry 2 } pppBridgeMediaRemoteStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { accept(1), dont-accept(2) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the local PPP Bridging Entity believes that the remote PPP Bridging Entity will accept packets of the protocol type identified in pppBridgeMediaMacType on the PPP Kastenholz [Page 11]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 link identified by ifIndex or not." REFERENCE "Section 6.6, MAC Type Support Selection, of RFC1212." ::= { pppBridgeMediaEntry 3 } -- -- The PPP Bridge Media Configuration Table -- pppBridgeMediaConfigTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PppBridgeMediaConfigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Table identifying which MAC media types are enabled for the Bridging NCPs." ::= { pppBridge 4 } pppBridgeMediaConfigEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PppBridgeMediaConfigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Status of a specific MAC Type for a specific PPP Link." INDEX { ifIndex, pppBridgeMediaConfigMacType } ::= { pppBridgeMediaConfigTable 1 } PppBridgeMediaConfigEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pppBridgeMediaConfigMacType INTEGER, pppBridgeMediaConfigLocalStatus INTEGER } pppBridgeMediaConfigMacType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER(0..2147483647) ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The MAC type for which this entry in the pppBridgeMediaConfigTable is providing status information. Valid values for this object are Kastenholz [Page 12]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 defined in Section 6.6 MAC Type Support Selection of RFC1220 (Bridging Point-to-Point Protocol)." REFERENCE "Section 6.6, MAC Type Support Selection, of RFC1212." ::= { pppBridgeMediaConfigEntry 1 } pppBridgeMediaConfigLocalStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { accept(1), dont-accept(2) } ACCESS read-write STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the local PPP Bridging Entity should accept packets of the protocol type identified in pppBridgeMediaConfigMacType on the PPP link identified by ifIndex or not. Setting this object to the value dont-accept has the affect of invalidating the corresponding entry in the pppBridgeMediaConfigTable object. It is an implementation-specific matter as to whether the agent removes an invalidated entry from the table. Accordingly, management stations must be prepared to receive tabular information from agents that corresponds to entries not currently in use. Changing this object will have effect when the link is next restarted." REFERENCE "Section 6.6, MAC Type Support Selection, of RFC1212." ::= { pppBridgeMediaConfigEntry 2 } END 6. Acknowledgements This document was produced by the PPP working group. In addition to the working group, the author wishes to thank the following individuals for their comments and contributions: Bill Simpson -- Daydreamer Glenn McGregor -- Merit Jesse Walker -- DEC Chris Gunner -- DEC Kastenholz [Page 13]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 6. Security Considerations The PPP MIB affords the network operator the ability to configure and control the PPP links of a particular system, including the PPP authentication protocols. This represents a security risk. These risks are addressed in the following manners: (1) All variables which represent a significant security risk are placed in separate, optional, MIB Groups. As the MIB Group is the quantum of implementation within a MIB, the implementor of the MIB may elect not to implement these groups. (2) The implementor may choose to implement the variables which present a security risk so that they may not be written, i.e., the variables are READ-ONLY. This method still presents a security risk, and is not recommended, in that the variables, specifically the PPP Authentication Protocols' variables, may be easily read. (3) Using SNMPv2, the operator can place the variables into MIB views which are protected in that the parties which have access to those MIB views use authentication and privacy protocols, or the operator may elect to make these views not accessible to any party. In order to facilitate this placement, all security-related variables are placed in separate MIB Tables. This eases the identification of the necessary MIB View Subtree. 7. References [1] Rose M., and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based internets", STD 16, RFC 1155, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, May 1990 [2] McCloghrie K., and M. Rose, Editors, "Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets", STD 17, RFC 1213, Performance Systems International, March 1991. [3] Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1), International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8824, December 1987. [4] Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Specification of Basic Encoding Rules for Abstract Notation One Kastenholz [Page 14]
RFC 1474 PPP/Bridge MIB June 1993 (ASN.1), International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8825, December 1987. [5] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, Editors, "Concise MIB Definitions", STD 16, RFC 1212, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, March 1991. [6] Rose, M., Editor, "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the SNMP", RFC 1215, Performance Systems International, March 1991 [7] McCloghrie, K., "Extensions to the Generic-Interface MIB", RFC 1229, Hughes LAN Systems, Inc., May 1991. [8] Simpson, W., "The Point-to-Point Protocol for the Transmission of Multi-protocol Datagrams over Point-to-Point Links, RFC 1331, Daydreamer, May 1992. [9] McGregor, G., "The PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol", RFC 1332, Merit, May 1992. [10] Baker, F., "Point-to-Point Protocol Extensions for Bridging", RFC 1220, ACC, April 1991. [11] Lloyd, B., and W. Simpson, "PPP Authentication Protocols", RFC 1334, L&A, Daydreamer, October 1992. [12] Simpson, W., "PPP Link Quality Monitoring", RFC 1333, Daydreamer, May 1992.



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